chap32_2008 - 4. Trace the path of blood flow through the...

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Chapter 32 Circulation Vocabulary angina arteriole artery atherosclerosis atrioventricular node atrioventricular valve atrium blood blood clotting blood vessel capillary cardiac cycle cardiac muscle diastolic pressure erythrocyte erythropoietin fibrin fibrinogen heart heart attack hemoglobin hypertension inferior vena cava interstitial fluid leukocyte lymph lymphatic system lymph node lymphocyte macrophage pacemaker plaque plasma platelet precapillary schincter Purkinje fibers semilunar valve sinoatrial node spleen stroke superior vena cava systolic pressure thrombin thymus tonsil vein ventricle venule Things to Know: 1. What is the difference between open and closed circulatory systems? 2. Know the functions of the vertebrate circulatory system (p. 651).
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3. You should be able to trace the evolution of the vertebrate heart from fish, to amphibians, to birds and mammals. Why is the four-chambered heart most efficient for birds and mammals?
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Unformatted text preview: 4. Trace the path of blood flow through the human heart. Start on the right side, trace the blood flow to the lungs, back to the heart and finally out of the aorta. 5. What is the function of the heart valves? 6. Describe the cardiac cycle. 7. How do the sinoatrial node and the atrioventricular node regulate the cardiac cycle? 8. What is blood plasma made of? 9. You should know the functions of the 3 cellular components of the blood. 10. How is the number of red blood cells regulated? 11. Describe in general the process of blood clotting including the roles of thrombin, fibrin, and fibrinogen. 12. Know the structures and functions of 5 types of blood vessels illustrated in figure 32-14. 13. What is the function of the valves in the veins? 14. What is the function of the precapillary sphincters? 15. Know the functions of the lymphatic system. 16. What are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease?...
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chap32_2008 - 4. Trace the path of blood flow through the...

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