October 24, 2013W7 - SY281Field research, roles, and relationships in the field-More so on the “how to do research” rather than “what is research”Terminology:Qualitative research – method of inquiry employed by many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences. Aim to gather an in-depth understanding of human behaviour and the reasons that govern such behaviour. Investigates the whyandhowof decision making, not just what, where, and when. Ethnography – qualitative research design aimed at exploring cultural phenomena. The resulting field study or a case report reflects the knowledge and the system of meanings in the lives of a cultural group.Fieldwork – the collection of information outside of a laboratory, library or workplace setting. The approaches and methods used in field research vary across disciplines. Involves a range of well-defined, although variable, methods: informal interviews, direct observation, participation in the life of the group, collective discussions, etc. Participant observations – one type of data collection method typically done in qualitative research. Aim is to gain a close and intimate familiarity with a given group and their practices through an intensive involvement with the cultural setting for an extended period of time. Qualitative interviews – In-depth conversations with one or more participants to understand the why and how of the behaviour in a particular setting.Objectives of the class:-Entrée: gaining entry into a setting (Chapter 3)-Researcher roles (Chapter 4)Mapping the terms:-Gaining access to a settingoEntrée-Presentation of the selfoEmbodimentoDemeanour-Gatekeepers-Key informants -Go-alongs, tour narratives and shadowing-IncorporationoResearcher rolesMascotApprenticeDancing daughtersoResearch bargain
oGoing nativeoLeaving the fieldGaining access: Entrée-Entrée: The public – private continuum of setting-There’s a different expectation of privacy depending on settingoChanges process-Qualifications of entry into a groupoSome qualifications to be in a settingoE.G. AA meetings, be a recovering alcoholic-Pragmatics – cost (e.g., emotional, physical)oCan you make it through a study in that setting?