Field Research Roles and Relationships - W7 SY281 Field...

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October 24, 2013 W7 - SY281 Field research, roles, and relationships in the field - More so on the “how to do research” rather than “what is research” Terminology: Qualitative research – method of inquiry employed by many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences. Aim to gather an in-depth understanding of human behaviour and the reasons that govern such behaviour. Investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where, and when . Ethnography – qualitative research design aimed at exploring cultural phenomena. The resulting field study or a case report reflects the knowledge and the system of meanings in the lives of a cultural group. Fieldwork – the collection of information outside of a laboratory, library or workplace setting. The approaches and methods used in field research vary across disciplines. Involves a range of well-defined, although variable, methods: informal interviews, direct observation, participation in the life of the group, collective discussions, etc. Participant observations – one type of data collection method typically done in qualitative research. Aim is to gain a close and intimate familiarity with a given group and their practices through an intensive involvement with the cultural setting for an extended period of time. Qualitative interviews – In-depth conversations with one or more participants to understand the why and how of the behaviour in a particular setting. Objectives of the class: - Entrée: gaining entry into a setting (Chapter 3) - Researcher roles (Chapter 4) Mapping the terms: - Gaining access to a setting o Entrée - Presentation of the self o Embodiment o Demeanour - Gatekeepers - Key informants - Go-alongs, tour narratives and shadowing - Incorporation o Researcher roles Mascot Apprentice Dancing daughters o Research bargain
o Going native o Leaving the field Gaining access: Entrée - Entrée: The public – private continuum of setting - There’s a different expectation of privacy depending on setting o Changes process - Qualifications of entry into a group o Some qualifications to be in a setting o E.G. AA meetings, be a recovering alcoholic - Pragmatics – cost (e.g., emotional, physical) o Can you make it through a study in that setting?

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