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Example_of_Annotated - ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY[1 Akinaga H Olino H “Semiconductors Spintronics” Nanotechnology IEEE Transactions on Volume 1

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Unformatted text preview: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY [1] Akinaga, H.; Olino, H., “Semiconductors Spintronics”, Nanotechnology, IEEE Transactions on Volume 1, Issue 1, March 2002, pp.l9 - 31 This is also a highly informative journal. It contains detailed information about semiconducting devices. It additionally discusses the magnetism aspect of spintronics. This journal will help in researching more about the magnetism properties of such devices and thus concentrating on ultra—high magnetic sensors. This journal is extremely detailed and gives every minute detail about the devices used in this field. [2] Awschalom, D.D., “Semiconductor Spintronics: Manipulating Electron and Nuclear Spins”, Electron Devices Meeting, 2003. IEDM ’03 Technical Digest, IEEE International, 2003, section 12.1.1. 0‘.- This paper is highly technical — to the point that m of it is beyond our understanding. However, there are several select portions of it that are at a low enough level of technicality that we can understand it, and garner useful information from it. The topic of the paper is very narrow, however because it focuses almost exclusively on how the manipulation of electrons is achieved in order to produce spintronics technologies. For these reasons, this paper will likely not be as useful as some of our other sources. However, when it comes to explaining the physics of manipulating electrons, this document will really be extraordinarily helpful. [3] Bauer, G. E. W; Schmidt, G.; Molenkamp, L.W., “Elementary Magnetoelectronics”, IEEE Potentials, Volume 21, Issue 1, 2002, pp. 6 -— 10. This article is seemingly the perfect resource for us. It was published in IEEE Potentials, which is a technical journal written for a semi-technical audience. That is, it presents technical topics to people that are unfamiliar with them, but are assumed to have a technical background. The focus of the article is explaing the basics of magnetoelectronics, which encompasses the underlying principals of spintronics. This is the area in which the article will be extraordinarily helpful, as it will give us a good base of understanding for the actual physics of spintronics. Highly technical points are spread throughout the article, even down to introducing and explaining the mathematical formulas that are behind magnetoelectronics. This is a little beyond the scope of our project, and will most likely not be used. However, the rest of the article should be excellent for educating ourselves, and ultimately our audience, in the fundamentals of spintronics technology. [4] Das Sauna, S.; Fabian, J .; Xuedong Hu; Zutic, 1., “Issues, Concepts, and Challenges in Spintronics”, Device Research Conference, 2000. Conference Digest. 58’” DRC, 2000, pp. 95-98. This article is actually very broad in the amount of information it covers, in spite of its relatively short length. It gives some technical information regarding some of the concepts of spintronics and how they are being developed, the challenges that have been encountered in this development, and information regarding some of the experiments that have contributed to spintronics. This article is a great source of background information and, in a way, empirical research. This source should be very useful in our work, partitéul‘arly early on when we are looking for background research and foundation information iywhich to base our project en;- [5] Frost & Sullivan, “Era of Next-Generations Electronics Dfaws Closer with Discovery of Spintronics”, Hindustan Times, 29 December 2005. This article comprises the possible applications of spintronics technology and several research and development challenges that lie ahead. Frost & Sullivan, an international engineering consulting firm and the publishers of this article, provided their current professional opinions of Qenanotechnology and where they believe it is headed in upcoming years. This article was very useful in providing a brief summary of many feasible spintronics uses in the near future, but did not have adequate depth for each possibility. [6] Hao Meng, Jianguo Wang, and Jian-Ping Wang, “A Spintronics Full Adder For Magnetic CPU”, IEEE Electron Device Letters, VOL. 26, N0. 6, June 2005, pp 360-362. This article covered one of the most important and essential elements of any processors, the “full adder.” Processors that utilize the full possibility of the electron, spintronics, are much faster and use far less power than the current transistor-based processor. The authors of this article introduce a design for such a full adder and describe its possible implementation in depth. Although the majority of the article was very useful, the portion that described the actual experimentation does not apply to this research project. [7] SJ. Pearton, D.P. Norton, R. Frazier, S.Y. Han, C.R. Abernathy, and J .M. Zavada, “Spintronics Device Concepts,” IEE Proceedings-Circuits Devices Systems, Vol. 152, N0. 4, August 2005, pp 312—322. A multitude of various device concepts for spintronics was discussed in this article. It covered applications such as magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM), spin field- effect transistor (FET), spin LED’s, and a transparent ferromagnet There are several challenges in creating any of these potential devices, namely the manipulation of spin transportation. This article presented information on numerous current research and development projects, rather than simple beliefs about the future of this nanotechnology. It was extremely valuable for its depth of knowledge and description of spintronics device concepts. [8] Masaaki Tanaka, “Spintronics: Recent Progress and Tomorrow’s Challenges,” Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 278, February 2005, pp 25-37. This article introduced the chemistry and material aspects necessary for the comprehension and conceptualization of spintronics. A significant portion of the article discusses proposed various chemical compounds and materials that would be useful in the development and research of this technology, which is extraneous for our purposes. The article is valuable in presenting the binary applications of the “spin up” and “spin down” elements of the electron and proposfiins how several logic gates could be successfully used. [9] Wolf, S.A., and Treger, D., “Spintronics: a New Paradigm for Electronics for the New Millennium”, Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 41, Issue 10, 2000, pp. 2748-2751. This article: is heavily scientific, and provides information on the advantages of spintronics compared to possible alternatives. Littered with empirical data and background information, the article is very focused on describing the benefits of pursuing spintronics as a research field, and the possibilities that will become available by doing so. There is some professional opinion in the piece, but most of the article is indeed objective. The majority of the information in this. article is probably either too complex for the scope of our project, or redundant given our other information. However, this article does contain an excellent array of empirical data and visuals that we have not found elsewhere and these will be extraordinarily useful when we are documenting the multitudinous benefits of using spintronics. [10] Zorpette, G., “The Quest for the SPIN Transistor”, Spectrum, IEEE on Volume 38, Issue 12, Dec. 2001, pp. 30 — 35 This article: specifically discusses the possible implementation of spin transistors. At present, it is perhaps the most achievable technological advancements in nanotechnology in the near future. IBM and Motorola are both working on MRAM using these spin-based transistors. This journal will help us achieve our second objective of presenting the forthcoming technology in the spintronics field. The working of spin transistors is precisely explained and will prove to be a very important source for our research. The article is skillfully presented in a manner that a technical audience, with no knowledge in spintronics specifically, will easily understand. ...
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Example_of_Annotated - ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY[1 Akinaga H Olino H “Semiconductors Spintronics” Nanotechnology IEEE Transactions on Volume 1

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