3805.pdf - Diseases that can be spread during sex Did you...

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DiseasesthatcanbespreadduringsexDidyouknow...over65millionpeopleintheUnitedStateshaveachronic,incurablesexuallytransmitteddisease(STD)?andthateveryyearanother19millionpersonsbecomenewlyinfectedwithanSTD?ManypeoplethinkthereareonlytwoSTDs- syphilisandgonorrhea.Infact,therearemanyotherdiseasesthatcanbespreadthroughsexualcontact,includingherpes,chlamydia,genitalwarts,vaginitis,viralhepatitisandHIV(thevirusthatcausesAIDS).Withouttreatment,thesediseasescanleadtomajorhealthproblemssuchassterility(notbeingabletogetpregnant),permanentbraindamage,heartdisease,cancer,andevendeath.Ifyouthinkyouhavebeenexposedtoasexuallytransmitteddisease,youandyoursexpartner(s)shouldvisitahealthclinicordoctorfortestingandtreatment.1
YoumayhavebeenexposedtoanSTDandshouldgettestedifyouhaveever:hadsex(vaginal,analororal)withoutusingacondomwithsomeonewhohasanSTDorHIV,orwhosestatusyoudonotknow;hadsexwithoutusingacondomwithsomeonewhohaseverinjecteddrugs;orhadmanysexpartners.Youcanloweryourriskforbecominginfectedwithadiseasespreadduringsexby:usingalatexmalecondomorfemalecondomtherightway,everytimeyouhavesex;usingthefemalecondomwhichmayofferbetterprotectionthanthemalecondomagainstherpesandgenitalwartsbecauseitcoversmoreofawoman'sexternalgenitaliaandisveryresistanttotears;notusingdrugsandalcohol;theycangetinthewayofyouprotectingyourself;havingonlyonesexpartner,whosestatusyouknow;nothavingsexwithapersonwhoshootsdrugsorwhoeverdid.Remember:MostpeoplewhohaveanSTDhavenosymptoms.Therefore,youcan’ttellbylookingifapersonisinfectedwithadiseasethatcanbepassedtoyouduringsex.ProtectYourself!2
HepatitisHepatitisBisaliverdiseasecausedbyaviruscarriedintheblood,saliva,semenandotherbodyfluidsofaninfectedperson.LikeHIV,itisspreadbysexualcontactorsharingworkstoshootdrugs.Itcanalsobepassedfrommothertobabyaroundthetimeofdelivery.Symptomsmayincludetiredness,poorappetite,fever,vomiting,jointpain,hives,rash,orjaundiceayellowingoftheskinandwhitesoftheeyes.DoctorsprescribebedrestforthosewithhepatitisB.Mostpeoplerecover,butsomebecomelong-termcarriersofthevirus,andcanspreadittoothersthroughsexandneedlesharing.HepatitisBvaccineisrecommendedforanyoneatrisk.HepatitisBvaccineisrequiredbyNewYorkStatePublicHealthLawforallchildrenenteringkindergartenortheseventhgrade.Itisrecommendedthatadultswhoareat“highrisk”forhepatitisB(theyhavehadunprotectedsexorsharedneedles,syringesorotherworkstoinjectdrugs)getthehepatitisBvaccine.Mostdoctorsorclinicshavethisvaccine.

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Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Chlamydia infection, Condom

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