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I.INTRODUCTIONPatient J.L.D is 31 year-old married woman who was admitted at the SurgeryDepartment last June 21, 2009 due to severe pain at her right lower quadrant, the patientwas diagnosed with acute appendicitis. The patient underwent emergency appendectomythe next day, June 22, 2009. Appendicitis is the inflammation of the vermiform appendix and was firstdescribed as a pathologic condition by Reginald Fitz in 1886, it is caused by anobstruction attributed to infection, stricture, fecal mass, foreign body or tumor.Appendicitis can affect either gender at any age, but is most common in male ages 10-30.Appendicitis is the most common disease requiring surgery and one of the mostcommonly misdiagnosed diseases. Appendectomy, removal of the appendix, is the standard treatment for acuteappendicitis, it is important to immediately remove the appendix after the diagnosis toprevent the occurrence of the life-threatening complication of appendix. The mostfrequent complication of appendicitis is perforation. Perforation of the appendix can leadto a periappendiceal abscess (a collection of infected pus) or diffuse peritonitis (infectionof the entire lining of the abdomen and the pelvis). The major reason for appendicealperforation is delay in diagnosis and treatment. In general, the longer the delay betweendiagnosis and surgery, the more likely is perforation. The risk of perforation 36 hoursafter the onset of symptoms is at least 15%. Therefore, once appendicitis is diagnosed,surgery should be done without unnecessary delay.II.NURSING OBJECTIVETo obtain necessary information regarding the patient and her conditionTo assess the patient’s overall health status To identify patient’s health care needs through analysis of all the data gatheredTo assist the patient throughout rehabilitation, recovery and dischargeTo impart necessary health teachings to the patientTo perform appropriate nursing care in conjunction with the condition of the patientTo widen and enhance the student nurse’s knowledge and skills through additional research about the nature of the disease, its signs and symptoms, its pathophysiology, its diagnosis and treatment.
III.PATIENT’S PROFILEName: J.L.DAge: 31Sex: FemaleCivil Status: MarriedDate of Birth: October 03, 1977Address: MarikinaReligion: Roman CatholicNationality: FilipinoCategory of the Patient: GMPlace of Admission: Aprilville General HospitalDate Admitted: June 21, 2009Time: 9:55 PMChief Complaint: Right Lower Quadrant PainWard: St. AnthonyAttending Physician: Dr. House Chief complaint: Right Lower Quadrant painFinal Diagnosis: Acute Appendicitis
IV. HISTORY OF PAST AND PRESENT ILLNESSA. History of Past IllnessLast September 2008, patient was diagnosed with kidney stones or renal calculi.