Race in World Politics- Study Guide- History of Rwandan Genocide

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Race in World Politics- Study Guide- History of Rwandan Genocide Handout: Rwanda map. Rwanda Video suggests that the Hutu had been badly treated by the Tutsi There was a history of ethnic divisions, but no where near the deep cleavages that existed in other societies. Hutus and Tutsi were divided by occupation There was a lot of intermarriage. Same religion, language, etc. Dominance of the Tutsi was solidified under Belgian rule.<-- Very Important. The degree to which colonialism should be blamed for the genocide in Rwanda is a hotly debated subject. Tutsi were favored by Belgians and Hutu resented it b/c they were majority 1962-Belgium colonialism coming to a close. Belgium put all of their support behind the Hutu when they recognized that colonialism would end. Student: were there reasons for the favoritism? o Big part was due to prevailing views of “racial science.” o Somehow the Tutsi were “better.” o Hutus were typically darker and shorter. o Belgians had their own view of who they colonized and those views have come to matter. Supposedly, there is a justification for why the Tutsi are “better” and Belgians enforced that. Student: Was there a distinction between the groups? o Hutu owned the animals and Tutsi were land owners. Second emphasis on Belgian colonialism: o Certain fluidity of the identities, which was overcome by the id cards. o Under Belgians, they instituted identity cards that required only one identity be provided on the cards. o Very consequential during the genocide because the Hutus asked for the identity cards when killing Tutsi. o After colonialism, if there was ambiguity as to which tribe a person identified with, presumably s/he could choose..

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