February 13 - February 13, 2008 Late Republic Political...

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February 13, 2008 Late Republic – Political Turmoil and Collapse Rome o Republic 2 consuls Senate – finance and foreign affairs Comitia – laws, treaties, Declaration of War Magistrates – civil and military o Plebian class vs. Patrician class led to addition of Tribunes o Senate – wealthy man, lifelong term Carthage – North Africa and Spain o Conflict from trade o Series of wars ensues Carthage has equipment advantage (like a navy) o Leader: Hannibal Invades Italy from the north with elephants o Roman army: 700,000 foot soldiers and 70,000 cavalry o Battle of Cannae – HUGE Roman loss Marked as bad day on calendar (August 2, 216 BCE) Lose almost 80,000 infantry and 6,000 cavalry o Defeat of Carthage Fabius Maximus (the Delayer) Scipio (Africanus) – Battle of Zama Gain entire territory (West); becoming world power
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Result of War o Land crisis Need to hold land to be a soldier (citizen army) Soldiers come home to find that their land has been sold; patricians
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February 13 - February 13, 2008 Late Republic Political...

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