January 23 - January 23, 2008 Social Structure Distinctions...

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Social Structure Distinctions o Free born or non-free born Free born: patricians and plebeians Non-free born: slave or freedpersons Free borns o Patricians From patres Old familys Superior to all groups in every way Privileges Important religious offices No corporal punishment if convicted of a crime In charge of all civil and criminal law Careers Politics = Senate (once in, in for life) o 100,000 sesterces – not allowed to engage in business Business = Equestrian order o 40,000 sesterces Only one or the other for awhile Source of wealth: land Vast agricultural estates Slave or poor people worked land o Plebians Everyone else who is free born Agitated for rights during Republic Could be elected to government Usually not wealthy enough to run Non-free born o Slaves Sources – anywhere Inhabitants captured by war Rebels Captured by pirates/kidnappers Children exposed by families
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January 23 - January 23, 2008 Social Structure Distinctions...

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