January 11 - January 11, 2008 Etruscans o Religious Rites...

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January 11, 2008 Etruscans o Religious Rites Heptascopy: reading innards of sacrificial animals Mainly liver (especially in sheep) Augury: reading the flight of birds Change in directions, speed, etc. o Veristic images More realistic than Greek “life-like” Included wrinkles, other imperfections Early Rome o 753-509 BCE (founding to overthrow of kings) o Sources Archaeology Excavations Literature Livy (59 BCE-17CE) o Ab Urbe Condita (“From the Founding of the City”) o 700 years, 142 books (papyrus scrolls) – only 35 preserved o Problems as source Big difference between history and lifetime (not an eye witness) Can’t talk to eye witnesses o Had some earlier histories (still not eye witnesses) o Viewpoint “The Fates had decreed the foundation of the mighty city which is second in power only to the gods” Makes for entertaining story Livy known for beautiful Latin prose Themes for histories o Exempla: reflect on and try to emulate
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January 11 - January 11, 2008 Etruscans o Religious Rites...

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