Week 2_Chem for non-majors.docx - Chemistry for non-majors...

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Chemistry for non-majorsMonosaccharidesDefine carbohydrate.Define monosaccharide.Give structures for important monosaccharides.Questions:What is the general formula for a monosaccharide?What type of monosaccharide is glucose?What type of monosaccharide is fructose?What functional groups are on glucose?What functional groups are on fructose?Which form is favored in aqueous solution?Definitions:carbohydrates:Monomers and polymers of aldehydes and ketones that have multiple hydroxylgroups attached.monosaccharide:A carbohydrate consisting of one sugar unit.DisaccharidesDefine disaccharide.Give examples of common disaccharides.Questions:What type of reaction leads to the formation of disaccharides?What molecule is removed in the process?What is one example of sucrose?

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