Thomas Aquinas.docx - THE NATURAL LAW : ST. THOMAS AQUINAS...

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THE NATURAL LAW :ST. THOMAS AQUINASThomas Aquinas's Aristotelian interpretation of natural law hasshaped western law and politics . It belongs within a comprehensiveaccount of four levels of law . Eternal law is incomprehensible to us,because it is the order upon which all other order depends. Wecannot think outside the laws we think with. Divine law is revealedin scripture and is meaningful only to those who accept scripturalauthority. Natural law is what we have in common. It refers to ourrational capacity to discern general principles in the order of natureto enable us to flourish as a species in communities, given that bynature we are social animals. Today, we might say that it is in ourDNA.Human law is the interpretation of natural law in different contexts .Like Aristotle, Aquinas believed that just laws relate to the species,so the collective good comes before the individual good – althoughin a just society, these are not in conflict. This means that law is notabout individual morality, and individual vices should only be

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Term
Winter
Professor
mirna rabina

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