Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 - Outline It has been said that the...

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Chapter 3 - Outline It has been said that the person with a clear objective and a plan of campaign is more likely to succeed than the person with neither, and this is certainly true of archaeology. The military overtones of the words "objective" and "campaign" are entirely appropriate for archaeology, which often requires the recruitment, funding, and coordination of large numbers of people in complex field projects. It is no accident that two pioneers of field techniques - Pitt-Rivers and Mortimer Wheeler - were old soldiers (box, pp. 33-34). Today, thanks to the impact of such practitioners, and the major influence of the New Archaeology with its desire for scientific rigor, archaeologists try to make explicit at the outset of research what their objectives are and what their plan of campaign will be. This procedure is commonly called devising a research design , which broadly has four stages: 1. formulation of a research strategy to resolve a particular question or test a hypothesis or idea; 2. collecting and recording of evidence against which to test that idea, usually by the organization of a team of specialists and conducting of fieldwork; 3. processing and analysis of that evidence and its interpretation in the light of the original idea to be tested; 4. publication of the results in articles, books etc. There is seldom if ever a straightforward progression from stage 1 to stage 4. In real life the
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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 - Outline It has been said that the...

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