Intro to the Human Body - Powerpoint.pptx - Chapter 1 AN...

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Chapter 1AN INTRODUCTION TO THEHUMAN BODY
Student Learning Outcomes and Key conceptsKey ConceptsDistinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identifyseveral branches of eachDescribe the structure of the body, from simplest to mostcomplex, in terms of the six levels of organizationIdentify the functional characteristics of human lifeIdentify the four requirements for human survivalDefine homeostasis and explain its importance to normalhuman functioningUse appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key bodystructures, body regions, and directions in the bodyCompare and contrast at least four medical imaginingtechniques in terms of their function and use in medicineStudent Learning outcomeDescribe organ sections, body regions and relative locations usingappropriate anatomical terminology.
Anatomy and Physiology – Two complementary branches of scienceAnatomy– Studies structure of body's structures and their relationshipsto one another (anatomy (a Greek root - to cut apart))Physiology- is the scientific study of the chemistry and physics of thestructures of the body and the ways in which they work together tosupport the functions of life.- Much of the study of physiology centers on the body’s tendency towardhomeostasis.Form is closely related to function in all living things; rememberstructure definesfunctionWhy do we need to study Anatomy and physiology?Learning and understanding anatomical terminology allows you tocommunicate accurately with your colleagues in the health sciencesFamiliarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices andprompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise.Introduction
AnatomyGross anatomy is the study of the larger structures of the body, thosevisible without the aid of magnificationMacroscopic anatomy - (Macro- means “large”) thus, gross anatomy isalso referred to as macroscopic anatomy.Microscopic anatomy (micro- means “small”) and is the study ofstructures that can be observed only with the use of a microscope orother magnification devices- Cytology - Microscopic anatomy includes cytology, the study of cellsand histology, the study of tissues.(a)This is a micrograph of nerve cells from the brain. LM × 1600. (credit a: “WriterHound”/Wikimedia Commons; credit b:Micrograph provided by the Regents of University of Michigan Medical School © 2012)
Anatomists take two general approaches to the study of thebody’s structures: regional and systemic.Regional anatomy is the study of the interrelationships of allof the structures in a specific body region, such as theabdomen.- Studying regional anatomy helps us appreciate theinterrelationships of bodystructuresSystemic anatomy is the study of the structures that make upa discrete body system—that is, a group of structures that work together to performa unique body function.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Physiology, Anatomy, Human Anatomy, Anatomical terms of location, Hypothermia

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