Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Fungi Multiple-Choice Questions 1...

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Chapter 14: Fungi Multiple-Choice Questions 1. Introduction; p. 260; moderate; ans: c Which of the following statements about fungi is FALSE? a. They are heterotrophic organisms. b. Most are multicellular. c. They are more closely related to plants than to animals. d. The largest living organism may be a fungus. e. Only the insects have a greater number of species. 2. The Importance of Fungi; p. 260; moderate; ans: a Which of the following statements about the role of fungi in decomposition is FALSE? a. Fungi are the principal decomposers on Earth. b. Fungi produce enzymes that degrade lignin. c. Fungi produce enzymes that degrade cellulose. d. As a group, fungi can attack virtually anything. e. Individual species are highly specific to particular substrates. 3. The Importance of Fungi; p. 261; easy; ans: b A fungus that is important in baking, brewing, and winemaking is: a. Pneumocystis carinii. b. Saccharomyces cerevisiae. c. Candida. d. Tolypocladium inflatum. e. Cladosporium herbarum. 4. The Importance of Fungi; p. 261; moderate; ans: a Cladosporium herbarum is economically important because it: a. attacks meat in cold storage. b. attacks garden plants. c. causes AIDS. d. degrades toxic organic compounds. e. produces the antibiotic cyclosporine. 5. The Importance of Fungi; p. 262; easy; ans: c By definition, an endophyte: a. produces a toxin. b. is part of a fungus “garden.” c. lives within a plant. d. lives in a hostile environment. e. lives within roots.
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2 Chapter 14 Fungi 6. The Importance of Fungi; p. 262; moderate; ans: e Which of the following is NOT an example of a symbiotic relationship involving a fungus? a. Lichens b. Mycorrhizae c. Fungus “gardens” d. Endophytes e. Chytrids 7. Characteristics of Fungi; p. 262; easy; ans: d Hyphae are types of fungal: a. spores. b. zygotes. c. storage products. d. filaments. e. cell wall components. 8. Characteristics of Fungi; p. 262; moderate; ans: a Coenocytic hyphae lack: a. septa. b. microtubules. c. flagellated cells. d. chitin. e. rhizoids. 9. Characteristics of Fungi; p. 263; easy; ans: d The cell walls of fungi are composed of: a. cellulose. b. glycogen. c. hemicellulose d. chitin. e. pectin. 10. Characteristics of Fungi; p. 263; moderate; ans: a Which of the following statements about fungal nutrition is FALSE? a. Fungi are able to engulf small microorganisms. b. All fungi are heterotrophic. c. Yeasts are able to obtain their energy from fermentation. d. Rhizoids are hyphae specialized for anchorage. e. Haustoria are hyphae specialized for absorbing nutrients directly from the cells of other organisms.
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Chapter 14 Fungi 3 11. Characteristics of Fungi; p. 263; easy; ans: c Haustoria are ______ found in ______ fungi. a. spores; saprophytic b. gametes; symbiotic c. hyphae; parasitic d. gametangia; endophytic e. sporangia; pathogenic 12. Characteristics of Fungi; p. 264; moderate; ans: b Which of the following statements about nuclear division in fungi is FALSE?
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  • Fall '12
  • Fertuck
  • Fungi, Basidiomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycetes

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