WEEK 2.docx - Module 2 Week 2 Introduction Read Gideon Sung...

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Module 2: Week 2 Introduction Read: Gideon & Sung: Chapters 3 – 4 Watch: Treatment of Offender Populations Transcript: I believe there is hope for ex-offenders, especially if they put trust in the Lord. Isaiah 40, verse 31 reads, but those who hope and the Lord will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles that will run and not grow weary. They will walk. And that the faint rehabilitation has traditionally been one of the goals of incarceration. The efficacy of various treatment interventions for offenders, and the ability of these treatments to reduce recidivism rates has been a great debate in literature. In the 1950s and 1960s. There was some evidence that treating offenders worked. However, studies conducted by Martinson in 1974 concluded that nothing works. These findings supported the drive and the criminal justice system from a rehabilitative approach to a punitive one. However, criminal justice researchers became interested in developing a theory to explain why some treatments worked and others did not. Resulting in the risk need responsivity or RNR model. For evaluating program effectiveness. The risk principle identifies who should receive services. The risk principle states that the level of services provided to an offender should match the risk level of the offender. In other words, offenders who have a higher level of risk for re-offending should receive more intensive levels of programming. However, matching offender level to program intensity is not sufficient for effect of programming. The neat principle identifies what offender programming should be directed. Risk level is measured across risk factors. Research has shown that there are risk factors that are linked to recidivism. These are called criminogenic risk factors, which are factors that are related to increased risk for committing crimes.

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