Lecture 06Disaster of Gladden FieldoIsildur is riding, and the Ring betrays him and falls into the water, exposing IsildurIsildur is then killed by arrowsoThis event ties together the Second and the Third AgeSide NotesoWe see a vast change between the dark tone of The Silmarillion and the relatively playful “Children's Story”-like tone in The HobbitoGoblins and Orcs are pretty much the same thing (perhaps Goblins are the “lesser” Orcs?)oTolkien uses “Dwarves” instead of “Dwarfs” because he thinks that's what it would have evolved into had Dwarves been closer to our history (like how Elf becomes Elves)o“Orc” comes from the old Scandinavian/Norse term for “Monster”oNote that Orcrist has nothing to do with the name for Christ “Crist”!It's not Or-Crist; it's Orc-Rist! Where “Rist” means “Slayer”Origin of The Hobbit as a BookoTolkien composed this book in the 1930sAt this time, he had been writing fantasies for a newspaper in the Oxford areaLots of Fantasy writers came from the Oxford areaoThe Hobbit was written initially for his sons (Christopher and Michael), inspired by their
favorite characters “snirds” (similar to Smurfs)oStarts with “In a hole in the ground, lived a Hobbit)Uses Anglo-Saxon poetry technique (alliteration-ish, with 4 beats)oMixture of words “Hobgoblin” and “Rabbit”This is why hobbits live in holes (because rabbits do)oIt's written as a children's story! Not the same tone as The Silmarillion!