Critical Thinking - Secular Humanism 6-23-2014 - APOL 104 I...

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APOL 104 I. Part One : Select ONE of the worldviews (Secular Humanism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam) that have been considered in the course content. Using course content and/or sources outide of the course, complete the following--How would the worldview that you selected answer: i. The Question of Origin; ii. The Question of Identity; iii. The Question of Meaning/Purpose; iv. The Question of Morality; v. The Qustion of Destiny. (250 words) The following questions are answered from the worldview of Secular Humanism : 1. The Question of Origin asks, “How did life begin?” and “How did mankind come into existence?" Secular Humanism holds the view that God does not exist, and any thought of God, gods, or a supernatural is rejected. The Secular Humanist believes man's existence is found only in nature, and science is considered to be the source for knowledge and existence. Secular Humanism holds the worldview that matter has always existed, and over time, the result is what we have today. Life and human life are considered the result a natural phenomenon, and evolution is viewed as the only explanation for the existence of life (Weider and Gutierrez, 2011, pg 55-56). 2. The Question of Identity seeks to answer, “What does it mean to be human?” and “Are humans more important than animals?” Secular Humanism rejects supernatural events and the concept of a personal God. This worldview holds the belief that mankind is a product of evolutionary forces. Nothing is considered above and beyond the universe. The Secular Humanist believes that everything has evolved, and man and animals come from similar species. Mankind is believed to be nothing more than a sophisticated or evolved animal. Therefore, man's relationship to the animal kingdom is not considered greater in value (Weider and Gutierrez, 2011, pg 57).

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