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chempaperandbib - Harris 2 Irene Joliot-Curie was born into...

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Harris 2 Irene Joliot-Curie was born into one of the most famous scientific family dynasties in the world. Her parents, her husband, and even her children were highly regarded chemists and physicists. Irene and her husband are well known for their study of artificial radioactivity and their contribution toward the discovery of the neutron. Irene’s knowledge of mathematics led to the start of her brilliant career. Irene was born in Paris, September 12, 1897, she was the daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie . Marie, her mother, was the first person to win or share two Nobel Prizes. She is one of only two people who have been awarded a Nobel Prize in two different fields. Her father, Pierre, and one of his students made the first discovery of nuclear energy, by identifying the continuous emission of heat from radium particles. He also investigated the radiation emissions of radioactive substances, and through the use of magnetic fields was able to show that some of the emissions were positively charged, some were negative and some were neutral. These correspond to alpha, beta and gamma radiation. This research led to isolating polonium and radium which helped Pierre and his wife attain a Nobel Prize (3). These are some big shoes to fill but Irene proved to the world that she is a very intelligent woman. After one year of education, which started when she was six years old, her parents realized she had obvious mathematical talent. They decided that Irène’s academic abilities needed a more challenging environment. Marie joined with a number of eminent French scholars, including the prominent French physicist Paul Langevin to form “The Cooperative.” This a private gathering of some of the most distinguished academics in France. Each contributed to educating one another’s children in their respective homes (3). The curriculum of The Co-operative was varied and included not only the principles of science and scientific research but such subjects as French literature and sculpture and there was a great emphasis placed on self expression and play. On April 19, 1906, Pierre was killed in a street accident as he
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