religionchap1 - Chapter 1 All of religion shares the goal...

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Chapter 1 All of religion shares the goal of tying people back to something behind the surface of life- a greater reality, which lies beyond, or invisibly infuses, the world that we can perceive with our five senses. We have two basic ways of apprehending reality: rational thought and non-rational modes of knowing. Thomas Hobbes- God is simply an idea constructed by the human imagination from ideas of the visible world. Rene Descartes- his awareness of his own existence and his internal reasoning indicated the existence of God. Martin Luther- Father of the Protestant branches of Christianity. Mysticism- People are encouraged to develop their own intuitive abilities to perceive spiritual truths directly, beyond the senses, beyond the limits of human reason, beyond blind belief. Kensho- Sudden enlightenment, in Zen Buddhism. Gnosis- Intuitive knowledge of spiritual realities. The spontaneous experience of being grasped by reality is the essential basis of religion. Joachim Wach- Every religion seems to follow a certain pattern: It is an experience of
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religionchap1 - Chapter 1 All of religion shares the goal...

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