Exam Study guide - Religion Exam Study Guide Islam: Hadith-...

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Religion Exam Study Guide Islam : Hadith- A traditional report about a reputed saying or action of the Prophet Muhammad. Important for daily life. Mullah- A teacher. Usually serves as the Imam (A person who delivers the sermon. Any adult male.) Madrassa- School’s or academies attached to the mosque. Where young boys go to study the Qur’an and Islamic law (Shariah). Sunni- A follower of the majority branch of Islam (about 80%), which feels that successors (caliphs) to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Muslim community. Shiite- The minority branch of Islam (20%), which feels that Muhammad’s legitimate successors were Ali and a series of Imams. The prophet did not have a biological son, but the prophet did designate Ali as his successor. They were overruled. Husayn- Son of Ali. In 680 C.E, he led the Shiites and took arms against the Sunni forces. They were attacked, overwhelmed, and massacred by the Sunni’s. Karbala- Currently called Iraq. Where the massacre of the Shiites occurred in 680 C.E. 5 pillars- Ritual actions that are required. 1. Shahadah- Declaration of faith. The first sentence chanted into the ear of a traditional Muslim infant. 2. Salaht- Communal prayer. Sunni’s pray 5 times a day (dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, at night before bed.), towards Mecca. Can be done anywhere, but typically in a mosque led by an Imam. 3. Zakaht- Charity, tax, alms. “Prayer tax,” where you give a portion of your wealth to the less fortunate (widows, orphans, poor, religious institutions.) Every year, about 2.5% of your net worth is given. This is used to purify your wealth. 4. Sawrn- Fasting during the daylight hours of Ramadan. The single most holy period in the Islamic year. Cannot drink, smoke, have sex until the sun sets. 5. Hajj- Pilgrimage to Mecca. Every Muslim should do this at least once in their lifetime. Must tie up all lose ends before you go. A long white rob must be worn to make everyone equal. After completing the Hajj, the person may add Hajji to their name. 6. (Sometimes) Jihad- Arabic term, “striving/exertion in the ways of Allah.” Attempts by the devout Muslims to go the extra mile. Inner struggle to be a good human being against one’s sinful nature. Extra charity, teaching of Islam. Jihad- The Muslim’s struggle against the inner forces that prevent God-realization and the outer barriers to establishment of the divine order. Irhab- Illegitimate persecution. No justification for it. Shariah- The divine law. The caliph is the leader of worship and the administrator of it. Compared to the Qur’an in specific life situations. Hijab- The veiling of women for the sake of modesty. Women are allowed to join the work force if they wear this. Halal- Anything permissible under Islamic law.
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Exam Study guide - Religion Exam Study Guide Islam: Hadith-...

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