Running head: FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE 1 Foundations of the Development and Functions of the Police Strayer University Prof. Edwin Souza CRJ 310 - Law Enforcement Operations and Management October 29, 2014
FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE 2 There are differences in the major characteristics of the political and reform eras of policing. Police trainees will acquire particular skills and knowledge when they go to the academy for training that are important and beneficial but especially when it comes to relating it when working within the real workforce. In my opinion, community policing means that there is a partnership between the police and the community in order to reduce the individuals fear of experiencing crime within society and they should work together to protect everyone. Community policing and traditional policing has many differences. Detectives and undercover officers must and need to possess five important qualities in order to best serve people in our communities today. The political era of policing and the reform era of policing have many distinct differences between them. The first difference is the time frame of when they existed and the reason for their existence. The political era of policing was between the years of the 1840’s to the 1930’s and was created because of the Mary Cecilia Rogers case in New York in order to encourage police reorganization within the city (Peak, 2014). The reform era of policing was between the years of the 1930’s to the 1980’s and was created so that there would “no political involvement within the police and the civil service systems were created to eliminate patronage and ward influences in hiring and firing police officers” (Peak, 2014, p. 21). The second difference is that the authorization of the political era was about politics and law, whereas the reform era was about law and professionalism. The third difference is the function of the political era is about broad social services, whereas the function of the reform era was about crime control. The fourth difference is the organizational design of the political era was decentralized, whereas the reform era was about being centralized and classical. The fifth difference is the relationship to the community in the political era was intimate, whereas the
FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE 3 reform era was considered to be professional and remote. The sixth difference is tactics and technology of the political era was done through foot patrol by their officers, whereas the reform era had preventive patrol and rapid response time to calls that were received from citizens. The last difference is the outcome of what each era wanted to achieve. The political era wanted to achieve citizen and political satisfaction, whereas the reform era wanted to achieve crime control. Even though there are clearly differences between the political and reform era, a police trainee will gain certain skills and knowledge during their academy training.
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- Winter '14