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Chapter 2 Courts and Alternative Dispute Resolution    See Separate Lecture Outline System I NTRODUCTION Despite the substantial amount of litigation that occurs in the United States, the experience of many students with the American judicial system is limited to little more that some exposure to traffic court.  In fact, most persons have more experience with and know more about the executive and legislative branches of gov- ernment than they do about the judicial branch.  This chapter provides an excellent opportunity to make many aware of the nature and purpose of this major branch of our government. One goal of this text is to give students an understanding of which courts have power to hear what dis- putes and when.  Thus, the first major concept introduced in this chapter is jurisdiction.  Careful attention is given to the requirements for federal jurisdiction and to which cases reach the Supreme Court of the United States.  It might be emphasized at this point that the federal courts are not necessarily superior to the state courts.  The federal court system is simply an independent system authorized by the Constitution to handle matters of particular federal interest. 23
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24           INSTRUCTOR’S MANUAL TO ACCOMPANY  BUSINESS LAW , ELEVENTH EDITION This chapter also covers alternatives to litigation that can be as binding to the parties involved as a court’s decree. Alternative dispute resolution, including online dispute resolution, is the chapter’s third major topic. Among important points to remind students of during the discussion of this chapter are that most cases in the textbook are appellate cases (except for federal district court decisions, few trial court opinions are even published), and that most disputes brought to court are settled before trial.  Of those that go through trial to a final verdict, less than 4 percent are reversed on appeal.  Also, it might be emphasized again that in a common law system, such as the United States’, cases are the law.  Most of the principles set out in the text of the chap - ters represent judgments in decided cases that involved real people in real controversies. A DDITIONAL  R ESOURCES  — A UDIO  & V IDEO  S UPPLEMENTS The following  audio and video supplements  are related to topics discussed in this chapter— PowerPoint Slides To highlight some of this chapter’s key points, you might use the Lecture Review PowerPoint slides compiled for Chapter 2.
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