Introduction (1).docx - ABSTRACT The declaration of the new...

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ABSTRACT The declaration of the new coronavirus disease as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern compelled nations to prepare for a possible response. This paper also discusses the Leveraging Regional EOCs for sharing experiences and lessons learnt during COVID-19 pandemic and discuss the most significant accomplishments, difficulties, and lessons learned throughout the preparations for and early reaction to COVID-19. Preparation efforts began as early as January 2020, when the WHO established Public Health Institute activated a national Public Health Emergency Operations Center and the COVID-19 (EOC-NET), both of which were developed by the WHO Public Health Institute. Using the COVID-19 (EOC-NET), fast risk assessments were carried out, scenario-based contingency plans were created, national COVID-19 guidelines were developed, and the improvement of early warning and monitoring systems was enabled. Although high-level political commitment and leadership resulted in concentrated attempts to coordinate responsive actions at the national and international levels. The introduction of obligatory health screening and testing for all foreign travellers entering in the country, as well as a 14-day quarantine and testing period, has helped to reduce the flow of visitors. There have been a number of challenges, including the late operationalisation of a multisectoral coordination platform, a shortage of personal protective equipment due to a global disruption of importation, and the massive inflow of more than 10 000 returnees from different COVID-19-affected countries over a short period of time, which has placed a strain on available response resources. The lesson learned were that the early establishment of the EOC allowed for efficient coordination of preparation activities and early reaction interventions, which resulted in fewer incidents. The epidemiological curve of the COVID-19 infection exhibited a steady rise for almost four months before cases began to peak. High-level political commitment and leadership, along with concerted efforts to start preparedness measures, assisted in limiting the uncontrolled spread of the illness. It is suggested that sustained efforts be made to limit future transmission and to reduce the health and socioeconomic effect on the population. Introduction COVID-19 was designated a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) by the Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO) on January 30, 2020, and a pandemic was proclaimed on March 12, 2020. It seemed inevitable that a coordinated worldwide response would be required in light of the high danger of a pandemic spreading and the need for increased pandemic preparedness capacity. (Talisuna, 2020) The country’s operational preparedness to react promptly and effectively to the emergence of a new illness was critical in assessing the country's ability to respond quickly and effectively. Operating in a state of operational preparedness is essential for identifying high-priority risks and identifying those that are immediate and in need of
mitigation and reaction measures. As WHO stated that state parties are required to

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