Ecology%20Scientific%20Writing%20Guidelines.docx - Ecology...

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Ecology Scientific Writing GuidelinesAbstractThe idea of an abstract is to briefly convey to the reader what you did, what you found, and whywhat you found is important. The abstract should summarize all four sections of your paper(introduction, methods, results, discussion).One to two sentences need to summarize each of thefirst three sections, with two to four sentences summarizing your discussion.We emphasizeSUMMARIZE.DO NOT copy and paste sentences from your four sections into theabstract.Instead, rewrite sentences to distill the main ideas you want to convey about yourpaper. Because the abstract goes in to much less detail than the paper as a whole, we cannot justuse sentences from the paper. Also, the abstract should focus on what you found in your specificstudy, as such, do not cite any papers in this section. Also, do not get into the details of yourstudy.In other words, do not tell the reader the exactly how you collected the data; simplystating using soil core samples to measure soil layer depth or a point quarter method to measuretree diversity will suffice.IntroductionTo begin with, you’ll need to have a testable hypothesis. For the intertidal lab, this hypothesiswill be provided for you, but remember for the final paper you’ll be developing your ownhypotheses.The introduction is the portion of a scientific paper thatframes the research and puts it into context. To sum upthe different parts of an introduction in a singlesentence, you want to discuss the “big picture”relevance of your research question, put your researchin context of previous studies and identify how yourstudy will explore a new angle on the topic, and clearlystate your hypothesis. Basically, you’re trying to buildthe case for why this work is important, why you areputting this hypothesis forward, based on what othershave found. In putting things in the “big picture”,building support for your hypothesis, and summarizingwhat others have found on your topic, you’ll need toinclude references forat least 3 peer reviewed journal articles(more would be great!).Do notquote

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Term
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