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Sandel - Sandel's Public Philosophy"Morality and the Public...

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Sandel’s Public Philosophy “Morality and the Public Ideal” Rawlsian Liberals Here the Right is prior to the Good in 2 senses: - Individual rights cannot be sacrificed for the sake of the general good - The principles of Justice specifying these rights cannot be premised on any particular vision of the good life Whereas the utilitarian self is simply defined as the sum of its desires, the Rawlsian self is a choosing self If the self is prior to its ends, then the right must be prior to the good Liberalism’s Foundations Rawl’s OP (orig position) creates a picture of the person as an unencumbered self- a self prior to and independent of its purposes and ends. - Implies a distinction between the values I have and the person I am - What matters for personhood is our capacity to choose ends Communitarian Critics A politics of the common good Following Aristotle, they argue: - That we cannot justify political arrangements without reference to common purposes - We cannot conceive of ourselves without reference to our role as citizens, as participants in a common life If our roles are partly constitutive of who we are, then we must also be implicated in the purposes and ends characteristics of those communities
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The Embedded Self Constitutive ends are such that without them we could not understand ourselves ( e.g…choosing salvation) - We think of ourselves as free and independent ( capacity of choice) only when our identity is united to our aims and interests
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