Js mills

Js mills - J.S. Mills On Liberty Jeremy Bentham's...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
J.S. Mills On Liberty Jeremy Bentham’s Utilitarianism The source of pleasure is irrelevant : intensity and duration being the same -“Quantity of pleasure being equal, pushpin is as good as poetry” “The greatest happiness of the greatest number (of people)” -Happiness=pleasure -emphasizes quantity J.S. Mill’s Utilitarianism “According to the Greatest Happiness Principle…. .the ultimate end…. .is an existence exempt as far as possible from pain, and as rich as possible in enjoyments, both in quantity and quality “Better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied” The test of quality is the Decided Preference Criterion Decided Preference Criterion Make comparisons between two pleasures ( higher vs. lower pleasure) -competently acquainted with both, normally involves experiencing both Persons must have settled habits of self-consciousness and self-observation Must not be influenced by a sense of moral obligation Must not be formed on the basis of circumstantial advantages (permanence, safety, price, etc.), or their consequences (rewards & punishments), but in view of their intrinsic nature as pleasures
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Permanent interest in the conditions of individuality -“The only unfailing and permanent source of improvement is liberty itself” Only when these liberties (conscience, tastes & pursuits, and assoc) are fully respected can the Decided Preference Criterion be properly applied. Only under cond’ of free institutions can people acquire sufficient self-understanding to know, or make reasonable decisions about, what mode of life offers them the best chance of happiness. Creativity and Individuality “In proportion to the development of his individuality, each person becomes more valuable to himself, and is therefore capable of being more valuable to others.” -“It is only the cultivation of individuality which produces, or can produce, well-developed human beings.” “All good things which exist are the fruits of originality” -“They are more in need of originality, the less they are conscious of the want” “Eccentricity has always abounded when and where strength of character has abounded” Principle of Utility and Principle of Liberty “I regard utility as the ultimate appeal on all ethical questions; but it must be utility in the
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/12/2008 for the course POLI 2060 taught by Professor King during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 9

Js mills - J.S. Mills On Liberty Jeremy Bentham's...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online