family psych study guide

family psych study guide - 1. Self-report Positives: wealth...

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1. Self-report Positives: wealth of information on relationship properties, easy to administer and cost efficient, statistical analysis of relationships made easier because scale incorporates info regarding the relationships Negatives: validity and reliability (only as good as its construction and administration); biases (can people accurately self-report?); statistical issues (difficult to determine how much influence each factor ultimately has); how to employ (meaning is construct dependent, individual vs. unit of shared experiences vs. both) Behavioral Observation Therapist watches members interact: natural or in office/lab setting; problem solving discussion Positives: more objective, possibly more reliable, ecological validity (realistic), context information, behavioral info about relationships, attempt to outline patterns of behavior Negatives: timely, difficult; may not act the same when being observed; patterns/sequences of behavior difficult to measure (time, context dependant); focus on microanalysis may miss bigger picture; may not capture infrequent behaviors or secretive problems 2. Dysfunction; abnormal Dysfunction: “includes behaviors, thoughts, and emotions that are distressing to the individual or his or her intimates, prevent the individual form functioning at full potential, and are thought to be caused by some pathological biopsychosocial process” Normal vs. Abnormal- Mental disorder: a behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress, a disability, or an increased risk of suffering (death, pain, disability or an important loss of freedom) 3. Mechanisms of dysfunction A. Individual and parent characteristics -genetically associated vulnerabilities (disorders: i.e. autism, depression) -cognitive factors: learning and language; variation in cog. Processing - parental relationships: marital discord= more emo problems in children B. Interpersonal dynamics: relationship between parent and child -attachment issues; social cognition models; operant learning paradigms C. Family characteristics: situation of family can influence - divorce, remarriage, etc.; low SES; hierarchy within family (family with deviant or reversed hierarchies= children have more conduct disorders) D. Social context -shifting demographics (changing context and environment can be stressor) -cultural influences: ethnic minorities -stress makes parents less likely to accurately label dysfunction 4. Attachment Theory -understanding and describing roots and dynamics of close relationships -how people depend on one another, deal with one another, interact (seeking closeness, esp in stress)
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-children develop cognitive frameworks of who they are in relation to others -Bowlby: bond between parent and child based on biological drive for proximity 5. Phases of Attachment A. Pre-attachment: birth- 6 weeks; recognize mother, innate signals lead to contact B. ‘Attachment-in-the-making’ phase: 6wks-6/8 months; respond differently to
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family psych study guide - 1. Self-report Positives: wealth...

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