The Holy Roman emperor of the Czech.txt - Charles IV – the...

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Charles IV – the greatest CzechSince time immemorial, he has been known as the Father of the Homeland. Maybethat’s why most Czechs think of him as a sort of inviolable icon, a revered andidealized monarch. Nevertheless, Charles IV, this Czech King and Holy Roman Emperorwas a man of flesh and blood, with strengths and weaknesses of his own.He was born on 14th May 1316 into a Royal family, but he did not have it easy, evenas a child. His very young father, John of Luxembourg, who had only recently foundhimself on the Czech throne, had to engage in what was both a metaphorical and areal struggle with Czech nobility, as well as with his ambitious wife EliškaPřemyslovna.The boy was first named Václav, in honour of his illustrious ancestors on hismother’s side. It was only during his seven-year stay in France that he ‘picked up’by confirmation the name of his uncle, the French King of the Capetian line.He did not get to see much of his mother. His fate was shaped rather more by hisrugged masculine upbringing at the Loket and Křivoklát castles. At the age of sevenhe found himself deposited among his relatives at the French court, where he hadhis own private tutors. All at once, opening up before him lay a path to anextensive education, as well as to notable political and personal contacts. Hisfriends included for example, the future Pope Clement VI. Last but not least,Charles brought back with him from Paris his first beloved wife, Blanche of Valois.His all-round preparation for life continued in Luxembourg, on the family earldom,where the adolescent heir to the throne was raised by his authoritarian great uncleBaldwin of Luxembourg, Archbishop of Trier. Charles continued his studies ofdiplomacy and statecraft, added German to his linguistic prowess in French, Latinand Italian, as well as becoming fully conversant with courtly etiquette andknightly virtues. In time he was called over to Northern Italy by his father John,to participate in efforts to defend the Luxembourg realm in that challengingsetting, rife with intrigue. This called on his military know-how, swordsmanshipand weapon wielding, horse riding, and combat tactics. At the battle of San Felice,but also on other occasions, Charles learned how fickle fortunes can be.

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Term
Winter
Professor
Mrs. cooper
Tags
Charles IV Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV, The Grave,

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