Irish Republican Army

Irish Republican Army - Reaction Paper February 12, 2008...

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Reaction Paper February 12, 2008 The objective of nationalistic revolutionaries is to acquire control over their government from differing ethnic groups or nationalities. One such struggle is that of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), as portrayed in the film Michael Collins . The film depicts concepts relevant to the study of modern-day terrorism, such as revolutions, uprisings, and charismatic leadership. For decades, the Irish people were subjected to British rule over their country. Their desire was self-governance, which seemed possible with the Home rule in 1912 (Encyclopædia Britannica). However, implementation and success of this rule were interrupted by the outbreak of World War I. The original revolutionary group called the Irish Volunteers split, with many of its members branching off to form the National Volunteers. The next significant step in the movement toward freedom was the Easter Rising in 1916. The hope was to form an Irish Republic. However, this uprising in Dublin was squelched in less than a week, as England initiated a massive response with execution and arrests of leaders and participants (Encyclopædia Britannica). Despite setbacks such as this, the IRA did not lose faith in their quest for freedom. Officially, nearly 100,000 men from the Irish Volunteers joined the IRA, yet it is estimated only around 15,000 actively served the IRA in the war(Encyclopædia Britannica). Nevertheless, the general Irish population supported the IRA. For example, they kept the IRA’s plans and locations secret from the British, as well as provided safe houses. 1
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Support for the IRA remained steadfast, as did their attempts to overtake Ireland for themselves and their people. Not surprisingly, the violence of the IRA was met with increased force from the British. England essentially set up a paramilitary in Ireland in an effort to retain control. In August of 1920, the British replaced Ireland’s coroners’ courts
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Irish Republican Army - Reaction Paper February 12, 2008...

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