psyc 313 exam 1

Psyc 313 exam 1 - Psychological scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychological research explore and answer questions about an

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Psychological: scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychological research: explore and answer questions about an organism’s behaviors thoughts and feelings Goldstein’s Evolved theory of science: observations accurately reported to others, search for discovery and verification of ideas, open exchange and competition of ideas, peer review Scientific method: 1. behavior can be predicted (scientific mentality)—natural order 2. Empiricism— knowledge based on observation 3. Systematic and order n testing- empirical data—follow rules 4. Theory—organizing scheme, set of rules, to explain findings—predictions, cant be proven—law: general rule Theory: organizing schemas—a set of rules—to explain findings; used to predict future outcomes; cannot be proven Good thinking: rational, logical, follows data, parsimonious (occums razor), objective Critical Thinking: examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions Intuition often wrong: hindsight bias, poor predictions (cant accurately know how they will respond, overconfidence -intuition mostly right for experts in field. Goals (in psych) 1. Description (describing ppls feelings, thoughts, etc)—observation and surveys a. What is attractive? 2. Prediction (correlation) a. Are attractive ppl more outgoing in social situations? 3. Causation (experimentation) a. Temporal precedence (cause before effect) b. Covariation (could change together) c. Alternative explaination 4. Explanation (replication, communication, modification)—why? Bigger picture Levels of analysis: Biological/ Neural Mental/Cognitive Behavioral and mental outcomes/processes Social/ Environmental ETHICS: Ethics:
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1. morality: good or bad, personal views (religion, culture, fam) 2. ethics: standards, norms, appropriate behavior a. normative (what should happen) vs. descriptive (what actually happens) b. transcends cultural, religious, ethnic diff.—universal Nuremburg was first code of ethics for humans Tuskeegee Syphilis Study: 1. Origional goal: told could get treatment—lost funding so became experiment 2. Not told nature of study or disease (told they could get free treatment) 3. This only option—many died or disabled—stopped bc of bad press—denied treatment to study disease 4. Led to national research act History of ethics in research: 1. Nuremburg code: guideline—said always have informed consent (not law) 2. Declaration of helsinki: how ppl should be treated in medical practices 3. “Quality of Health care—Human experimentation a. national research act: “national commission for the protection of human subjects of biomendical and behavioral research”—IRBs
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/12/2008 for the course PSYC 313 taught by Professor Wyland during the Spring '08 term at Tulane.

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Psyc 313 exam 1 - Psychological scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychological research explore and answer questions about an

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