history - Alexis Maskart History When Thomas Hooker...

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Alexis Maskart History When Thomas Hooker lectured, he received hostile scrutiny from the Church of England. The Puritans were anticipating to reform the Church, but the Church was trying to rid itself from Puritans. Hooker was then ordered to appear in front of the High Commission. Instead, he fled to Holland. Him and his parishioners did not like it there, and they decided to go to Connecticut themselves to see for themselves the so called fertile land in the Connecticut River Valley. In June of 1636, around 100 Puritans, led by Thomas Hooker, made a settlement on the coast of the Connecticut River. This eventually became Hartford. From this, Hooker made a lasting colony and a form of government that impacted the making of the U.S. Constitution a century and a half later. ( ) Roger Williams (1603-1683) was born in London. He is best known for his finding of the state of Rhode Island and supporting the separation of state and religion. He endured the rage of his church and banishment from the colony because of his views on religious freedom and tolerance, along with his objection of the practice of taking land from the Native Americans. Williams and his followers inhabited on Narragansett Indians and made a new colony ruled by the principles of religious liberty and separation of church and state. Rhode Island became a refuge for multiple religious minorities. Williams’ idea of a “wall of separation” between church and state motivated the founders of the United States to include it in the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights. ( ) Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643) was born in England. She was a New England religion leader and midwife. She went with Puritan leader John Cotton to Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634. She brought awareness to Cotton’s spirit centered theology by having biweekly meetings, advocating him and her brother in law John Wheelwright as true Christian ministers. Cotton was freed from the charge of heresy, but Anne was punished with banishment by the General Court of Massachusetts and excommunication by the Church of Boston. A couple of years later, she was killed in an Indian raid in New York.
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  • Fall '14
  • Kane
  • History, The American, New Netherland, St. Lawrence River, Dutch West India, West India Company, New England religion

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