Civil War and Reconstruction - American Pageant Chapter...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 18 pages.

American Pageant Chapter 19-20 Civil War CIVIL WAR Events Antagoizing the Differences Between North and South Religious split already taken place Presbyterians in 1837, Methodists in 1844, and Baptists in 1845 WILMOT PROVISO 1846 Lands for the Mexican Secession David Wilmot put the provision for the payment for no slavery an appropriation bill that forbid slavery in the new territory won from war. This time the vote on the proviso split along regional not party lines. Could Congress regulate slavery in the territories 1. Northwest Territory yes it is prohibited 2. Missouri Compromise John C. Calhoun said both were unconstitutional. The South’s republican values threatened. Congress had no Constitutional right to regulate slavery in the Territories. Insisted that slavery had to be nationally protected. 1840 NEGLECT/IGNORING and Exacerbation OF ISSUE Mexican lands inhabitants were anxious for a resolution DC’s slave trade angered abolitionists Lax Fugitive Slave Laws enforcement angered slave holders Pres. Zachery Taylor evaded the situation. THE ELECTION OF 1848 Opened the question of what was to be done with the newly acquired territories. Democrats General Lewis Cass, veteran of War of 1812, ran on the idea of popular sovereignity for the territories. This was agreable with the idea of democratic republicanism Whigs Zachary Taylor, ran on his personality and military record of the Mexican War quiet on slavery but owned slaves himself Free Soilers New Third party Advocated the Wilmot Proviso (Anti-slavery) Internal improvements Zachery Taylor won the election COMPROMISE OF 1850 In 1849 many Americans moved into California to find Gold. 49ers Gold Rush. Song, O Susannah These people had a large criminal element who needed law enforcement to settle the area 1
American Pageant Chapter 19-20 California petitioned the Congress to be a free state by drafting a Constitution quickly after the Mexican war so that it would immediately become a state thereby bypassing the territory stage. The south was angry that in the process. Compromisers had to come to some conclusion Compromisers Henry Clay of Kentucky, he was the architect of the Compromise of 1850 John C. Calhoun, Senator from South Carolina, He pled for more protection for the South such as runaway slave laws, and balance of power. Daniel Webster, the Senator, he urged to make all reasonable concessions to the South. Death of Zachary Taylor in 1850 Before the debate ended Taylor died of internal problems V P Millard Fillmore became president and he signed the Compromises of 1850. The Terms of the Compromise of 1850 California admitted as a free state. New Mexico/Utah popular sovereignty DC slave trade abolished Fugitive Slave Law enforced 1. Run away slaves could not testify 2. Denied Jury Trial The Southern states met in Nashville and condemned the Compromise the 1850 Abolitionists used Mob rule to gain the freedom of escaped slaves being sent back.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture