Events Antagoizing the Differences Between North and South
Religious split already taken place
Presbyterians in 1837,
Methodists in 1844,
and Baptists in 1845
Lands for the Mexican Secession
David Wilmot put the provision for the payment for no slavery
an appropriation bill that forbid slavery in the new territory won from war.
This time the vote on the proviso split along regional not party lines.
Could Congress regulate slavery in the territories
yes it is prohibited
John C. Calhoun said both were unconstitutional.
The South’s republican values
Congress had no Constitutional right to regulate slavery in the
Insisted that slavery had to be nationally protected.
1840 NEGLECT/IGNORING and Exacerbation OF ISSUE
Mexican lands inhabitants were anxious for a resolution
DC’s slave trade angered abolitionists
Lax Fugitive Slave Laws enforcement
angered slave holders
Zachery Taylor evaded the situation.
THE ELECTION OF 1848
Opened the question of what was to be done with the newly acquired territories.
General Lewis Cass,
veteran of War of 1812,
ran on the idea of
for the territories.
This was agreable with the idea of democratic republicanism
ran on his personality and military record of the Mexican War
quiet on slavery but owned slaves himself
New Third party
Advocated the Wilmot Proviso (Anti-slavery)
Zachery Taylor won the election
COMPROMISE OF 1850
In 1849 many Americans moved into California to find Gold.
49ers Gold Rush.
These people had a large criminal element who needed law enforcement to settle the area