The HolocaustGenocide of European Jews andothers:the systematic exterminationof millions of European Jews, Slavs,intellectuals, homosexual people, andpolitical dissidents by the Nazis andtheir allies during World War II.
Adolph Hitler•Among his goals wasthe removal of the“non-aryans”•in particular the Jews
The numbers•6 million Jews - 2/3 of theEuropean Jewish population hadbeen massacred.•5-6 million others also died incaptivity
By the 1880’s•Anti-semitismhad come to mean hostilitytowards Jews.•When the Nazi party took over in 1933,anti-semitism became the official policy ofthe nation.
NurembergLaws•1935•Stripped Jews of citizenship.•Forbid marriage between Jews and non-Jews.
Nuremberg Laws•Dismissed Jewish employees and managers•Jews were marked with a red letter J•All Jewish women were given the middlename ofSarah,men were given the middlename ofIsrael.
ConcentrationCamps•Places where POW’s were confined, underharsh conditions.They soon held manyother undesirable people, including thehomeless, homosexuals, Jehovah'sWitnesses, people withmentaland physicaldisabilities and gypsies.
Organized attacks on Jews beginin early1938.
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Rooseveltcalls for a conference•He wants to discussthe growing numbersof Jews.