Transitive Relational Mapping

Transitive Relational Mapping - Mapping 1 Transitive...

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Mapping 1 Transitive Relational Mapping Denise M. Wallace Psychology 461, Section 1 Dr. Deanna Larus April   6, 2008 “On my Honor, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid on this paper.”
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Mapping 2 Transitive Relational Mapping Usha Goswami’s 1995 article on the Transitive Relational Mappings in Three- and Four- Year Olds: The Analogy of Goldilocks and the Three Bears, proposes a theory that children are born with the ability to reason by using analogies. She had found that as long as similarities and familiarities were available to the children, inferring, they are able to map ternary relations, and thus not have difficulty in transitive reasoning. She termed this as relational primacy hypothesis – the idea that children have analogical reasoning abilities available to them in early infancy (Bjorklund, p. 351). Others have used binary relations to show relational mapping, even in children as young as 2 years old. Goswami’s experiments were shown to prove that 3 and 4 year olds would be able to apply their knowledge of things they already know about, including sizes, and relate them to another set of items of differentiating sizes in two different arrangements with a ternary nature. Also, their experiments showed that a variety of spacing positioning may have an effect on the children’s abilities to transform points of one space into the points of another space. Goswami used three different experiments. The first experiment consisted of relational mappings based on the age (3 or 4) of the child, the trial set, groups, cup sizes, and if there was a presence of analogies. The experimenter had a set of 3 cups of different sizes in front of him and had a set of 3 cups in front of the child. The children were asked to choose the same cup that the experimenter had chosen first. (The cups were in the same arrangements for both the
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2008 for the course PSYC 461 taught by Professor Larus during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Transitive Relational Mapping - Mapping 1 Transitive...

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