US History Final Exam Primary Source Study GuideTexas Seed Bill by President Grover ClevelandCongress created a bill to send seeds to Texas because they were having a drought, but President Cleveland vetoed the bill. President Cleveland acknowledges that there have been long and extensive droughts occurring in Texas and that it resulted in failure of crops and consequent distress and poverty.Cleveland states that there already exists a condition for relief regarding the drought issue. Cleveland agrees that donating the seeds would help prevent the continuance of the unfortunate infestation, yet believes he should withhold his approval of the plan because aiding the relief of an individuals’ suffering is not included in the constitution and has no policy regarding public service or benefit. He believes that the government should stop making the common mistake of disregardingtheir limited power and also states “though the people support the government, the government should not support the people”.Trusts that the kindness of the countrymen is enough to aid the citizens affected by the drought.Believes that if the government provides financial aid, the people will rely on the gov. to provide paternal care and that it weakens the national character and that it would prevent the happiness that occurs from the kind sentiment and conduct that comes from the kindness of the countrymen and that it creates a bond in the brotherhood. Cleveland states that individual aid has already been given and that the failure to pass the bill will not result in continued distress. Commissioner of Agriculture is annually directed to distribute grain seeds and give some to its constituents, so Cleveland suggests that some of those seeds go to Texas and for the constituents to mind being deprived of some seeds temporarily. The White Man’s Burden by Rudyard Kipling This poem basically claims that it is a burden for the civilized white man to have to civilize the whole world.
Poem is centered around a belief in the 19thand 20thcenturies that white men were responsible for educating ethnic groups who were considered to be uncivilized and/or ignorant. Basically applied to all non-white people (especially the blacks). First Stanza: European colonists had an obligation of bettering the lives of the people they conquered (minorities) as an act of duty. Only the brave/strongest became colonists/soldiers. Average soldier wore uniforms and carried gear over 60lbs. Nomadic people who inhabited the territories unacknowledged British rule. The conquered nomadswere not happy. Half were devilish because of their brutal capabilities, whereas the other half were quite child-like.