201310140017459086__e__study_guide_ - 1 Diamond Necklace Affair an incident in the 1785 at the court of Louis XVI of France involving his wife Queen

201310140017459086__e__study_guide_ - 1 Diamond Necklace...

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1. Diamond Necklace Affair- an incident in the 1785 at the court of Louis XVI of France involving his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette . The reputation of the Queen, which was already tarnished by gossip, was ruined by the implication that she had participated in a crime to defraud the crown jewellers of the cost of a very expensive diamond necklace. The Affair was historically significant as one of the events that led to the French populace's disillusionment with the monarchy , which, among other causes, eventually culminated in the French Revolution . Bc of Madame Pompadeau of Louis XV. Rohan was the royal nobility that wanted MA favor. Jeanne de la Motte con artist. Jeanne charged with fraud, Rohan charged with believing the Queen would meet in the middle of the night sketchy, charges dropped, more scandal for the queen. Louis XVI trying to make distinction between arbitrary rule and absolute rule sent the case to the courts. 2. Royal Absolutism- An absolute monarchy is where the king or queen (or other hereditary title) has absolute authority over those he/she governs and is not bound by law or a constitution. Noblemen are subjects in which the king can give favor to or take favor away. In noblemen’s point of view, King part of second estate two so just first among equals. 3. Meaupon Revolution – Done by Louis XV, thinks parlement is obstructionist, especially fiscally. Outdated, makes France unable to be modern. Going to create modern courts where judges are on salary to the crown not hereditary, same with Parlement appointed by crown not hereditary. Create local judiciaries throughout the country. Parlement views this as despotism and arbitrary rule. Language of rights is born, natural rights, inherent rights, God given rights. Attempt to get rid of privilege and tax the nobles. 4. Enlightenment (Voltaire and Rosseau)- Says Enlightenment caused the revolution. Self conscious movement where people claimed to be a part of it. Commitment to method instead of ideology, especially applying the scientific method to society to understand the world. Creation of a public sphere, place to discuss books such as coffee houses, theaters, reading rooms, Masonic lodges (independent of the king and the courts) Active cultural life moving away from the courts. Political vocabulary emerges: Nature- state of nature, if figure out what humans are like in nature, can reform government to fit. Locke says humans give up certain rights to live in civil society

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