201310140017459086__e__study_guide_ - 1. Diamond Necklace...

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1.Diamond Necklace Affair-an incident in the 1785 at the court ofLouisXVIofFranceinvolving his wife, QueenMarie Antoinette. The reputation of the Queen, which wasalready tarnished by gossip, was ruined by the implication that she had participated in a crime todefraud the crown jewellers of the cost of a very expensive diamond necklace. The Affair washistorically significant as one of the events that led to the French populace's disillusionment withthemonarchy, which, among other causes, eventually culminated in theFrench Revolution. Bc ofMadame Pompadeau of Louis XV. Rohan was the royal nobility that wanted MA favor. Jeanne dela Motte con artist. Jeanne charged with fraud, Rohan charged with believingthe Queen wouldmeet in the middle of the night sketchy, charges dropped, more scandal for the queen. Louis XVItrying to make distinction between arbitrary rule and absolute rule sent the case to the courts.2.Royal Absolutism-An absolute monarchy is where the king or queen (or other hereditarytitle) has absolute authority over those he/she governs and is not bound by law or aconstitution. Noblemen are subjects in which the king can give favor to or take favor away. Innoblemen’s point of view, King part of second estate two so just first among equals.3.Meaupon Revolution –Done by Louis XV, thinks parlement is obstructionist, especiallyfiscally. Outdated, makes France unable to be modern. Going to create modern courtswhere judges are on salary to the crown not hereditary, same with Parlement appointedby crown not hereditary. Create local judiciaries throughout the country. Parlementviews this as despotism and arbitrary rule. Language of rights is born, natural rights,inherent rights, God given rights. Attempt to get rid of privilege and tax the nobles.4.Enlightenment (Voltaire and Rosseau)-Says Enlightenment caused the revolution.Self conscious movement where people claimed to be a part of it. Commitment tomethod instead of ideology, especially applying the scientific method to society tounderstand the world. Creation of a public sphere, place to discuss books such as coffeehouses, theaters, reading rooms, Masonic lodges (independent of the king and thecourts) Active cultural life moving away from the courts. Political vocabulary emerges:Nature- state of nature, if figure out what humans are like in nature, can reform

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Term
Spring
Professor
wormer
Tags
History, French Revolution, Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, National Assembly, Louis XV, Diamond Necklace Affair

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