1.Introduction - Introduction Monday August 4 2014 2:34 PM...

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Before 1970's: US the world leader in education 1970's-present: US has lagged Why? Goldin and Katz: 6 Virtues of US education LOTS of theories on recent lagging Virtues: 1: Early US history (pre-18700, school for kids under 14 publicly provided -Publicly maintained -Belonged to the community -Funded through gov Each town had a "common school" -School "districts" of varying sizes across the country -As small as Davis, as big as Chicago 2: Lots of Independent Districts -School originally funded through tuition and property taxes -Starting in 1820s, cities and states began to abolish tuition -By 1870, all states had free, compulsory education -I most states, districts had free education BEFORE the state law required it 3: Public Funding Virtues 1+2+3 = Enrollment among kids 5-19 was 60-70% in 1860 -Secular instruction law in 1963 -Does NOT mean that classroom teaching did not involve religion -Instead, churches were not allowed to use tax revenue to fund schools 4: Separation of Church and state
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