LA363-Landscape architecture f02 midterm exam - Cal Poly...

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Unformatted text preview: . Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, CA A 14’ 3 Q College of Architecture and Environmental Design Landscape Architecture Department LA 363- Recreation & Open Space Planning Winter Qtr., 2001- Prof. Dale Sutliff NAME _ _ Midterm Exam (100 points) TRUE OR FALSE (2 pts. each - 30pts.) The right to pursue (have access and opportunity) to leisure for all citizens of America was a basic tenet (belief) of America’s first European settlers. The view of recreation’s role as a compensating function of human life-— with available time and facilities-~was a response to the conditions of people living in America’s crowded cities during the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution in Europe and America brought a longer work week and reduced time and resources for people to participate in various recreational activities. The greatest influence in the design form of parks in America, through most of our park design history, has been the grand Formal (Baroque) gardens and hunting grounds of continental Europe. Philadelphia and Savannah were the first American cities to have green —L___ squares—at the heart—ofififir concepts for city form. The town square, or village green, of the American Colonial period was established principally as a recreational space. Extending to the public the opportunity of access to what were formerly the private grounds of the European aristocracy formed an initial basis for both European and American public parks. Primary data differs from Reference data in that it has been created for specific purposes related to a particular project or problem. Performance standards differ from Reference standards in that they are previously documented standards that may have broad applicability, whereas Reference standards may result from the nature and needs of a particular project or problem. , LA363 WQOI MT Exam p.3 18. Which one of the following often forms a primary measure of recreation supply and/or demand? a. activity participation not expressed nor observed intensity of capacity levels ((3 time availability related to facility accessibility d. willingness to pay for facilities and programs 19. Virtually all methods of recreation and open space planning attempt to (select single best answer): a. propose policies which exacerbate problems of supply and demand. b. assure that the time-distance ratio of users to other users is desired. _ ensure that recreation and open space facilities are available on demand. integrate resources and facilities to meet the needs and desires of described users. 20. The three basic types of recreation/leisure demands are: ,. induced, expressed, compensatory expressed, induced, latent c. unexpressed, observed, implied d." latent, perceived, produced 21. The success of a leisure behavior survey is primarily based upon: survey design and pre-testing. I . capitalizing on the number of responses. c. who is surveyed. d. the type of processing of questionnaires. 22. A common and curious phenomenon associated with meeting recreation demands is: a that the marketing of recreation has little effect on demand. that an increase in demand leads to greater satisfaction. that the satisfaction of needs often creates new demands that demand has no direct relationship to needs and desires. 23. For the planner/designer the conversion of data and information into useful standards is a means for: showing others that the designer has high standards. , illustrating a full understanding of the NRPA standards that are commonly used. J converting somewhat abstract information into tangible responses that can be applied. converting facts into generally abstract results. LA363 WQOI MT Exam 13.5 SHORT ANSWERS (6 points each: 24 points total) Write response on this page. 34. 35. 36. 37. Explain why and how needs assessment is important to the recreation and open space planning and design process. Mfl€d5 a:C(fl(m€i/er {Siiaii/Cl TVs/(11+ Drift/(JLN “9-2.9 LL/GLi r-LLfd +0 K1 (LU 5?t{1‘i£[email protected]{11_( C‘i’ ‘LCLJLL5=1C.L§ mg) of +VLQJ ”F1511L1wvn1 CL-sil “flat VLLLdC/T’OLKI‘LLLlLC“iCI ES (\‘cl11t-ifl') Uri“. {1+0 V1611 LLLWUM’LC L/C’Iftl ”i (L1 L( W191.“ 1=‘1/0U«{c)1LJ H 13 Ci'COhciiDiH 11h”-LQC :J‘ 0116‘ £10 UL. O w‘tll US“: 11 Hi {i who? 1:11??qu List two limitations of the application of published (reference) standards to recreationa 11%;; open space planning. i a- 1i (Midi; ”We (V'M'I-LW-CL ‘LLC/ Olf ”LYN Pi 6111-. 1111A ’iffli’i’L'- 7/50 1')'1CL..1'LL ..-' 5 Wifiil r6111: {“3 we ) 6M (myémfle {5 0134a4/Madcd b. Tl [1'111.};-,m wl 16106 16(th (a V1 LNHJ d CL’U' [Fl] Egg'szK .-, 111g {pH/y“: fi_.;;<,,:,1’(,.1, es{’\ (1“. ‘._ LMCU ( ‘30 host/C. CL {({lrU owmgj/nu f/(flct 1 1.1"1-1 1. 1s: m” [5am Vega/W, m. m 5 [JV/Maw é? W Give an exampfiLga design standard related to recreation and open space, and what it is based upon. H (U '-1(d111 Lfaudot dbl/ilk L/f/CUVMLA/UCL-i id be +0 hcoL/C/ ./£_(‘£( _ (ifgf‘,{L-'tfi {41.161411{gig-{'1‘}: 1,5! . _. Wd @C finial/547,9, . A 6%dA/sl mic! ark/m Jif- how Briefly discuss the key aspects of one of th: fzgjllowing arenas of change concerning parks which Diane Balmon' 1n “Park Redefinitions”, Once and Future Park, Jar r" 1 1 1‘1' (Use opposite side of page): a) The American City, b) Financial Resources and Park Mangement: Public-Private Partnerships, Programs for Parks ) Available Lands, e) Design Process and Players: Collaboration Model, or e a onship of Design and Nature LA363 WQOl MT Exam p.2 10. ® F For the objective: _ to determine the recreation carrying capacity of an area: measure the appropriate level of use related to an activity and a resource, with the purpose of sustaining the resource and the recreation experience in good quality. 11. T ® A recreation facility or activity serving a mixed age group can potentially obtain a higher recreation carrying capacity than one serving a group with similar ages. 12. @ F Policies that rely on community involvement and consensus, and state what actions will be taken by decision-makers, havig proven to be generally more effective. 13. T G According to Gold, most planners and designers place too much emphasis on well-related, defined, and systematic goals and objectives in the park planning process. ' 14. @ F Frederick Law Olmsted is credited as the foremost individual responsible for creating the vision for an American park system as a means for social reformm and relief from urban conditions. 15. G) F The vision of an America whereby parks, open space, and civic buildings would be integrated as a system of prideful wonder for human activity, beauty and nature was the result of the Garden City Movement, the City Beautiful Era, and the New Communities Movement. MULTIPLE CHOICE (3 pts. each - 30 points) 16. According to Molnar and Rutledge in Anatomy of A Park, three principles should guide recreation and park design decisions, they are: Q r' 9‘ . . . a. use eeds, park reSodrces, and the roles of dec1510n makers must be feaSIble. everything must have a purpose, design must be for people, and aesthetic requirements must be satisfied. ,c/ quality at any cost, people need a purpose, and functional needs are paramount. d. to every season there is a purpose, a balance must be struck, and to error is human. 17. The difference between supply and demand is termed (one answer): .a.// a surplus if demand is greater than supply. . a deficiency if preference is less than satisfaction. © a deficiency if demand exceeds supply ail/a deficiency if supply exceeds demand. LA363 WQOl MT Exam p4 24. A common standard used frequently in recreation and open space planning at the community level is: a. the outer and inner space programming functionalities. the service radius: time/distance from home to park or recreation facility. the preferred community participation and cycles of use time function. the ratio of age groups to population classes by spatial economics. 25. The differences between a Project Plan and a System Plan for parks and/or open spaces are that: a Project Plan is site-specific for particular facilities and activities or programs, whereas a System Plan forms a comprehensive strategy for integrating facilities, programs, activities and sites. b. System Plans should fit within the overall structures and policies of Project Plans. 3 Project Plan is for a specific recreation activity and a System Plan is for greater numbers of those activities on the site. d. a Project Plan projects needs and resources, whereas a System Plan organizes programs in a structured, systematic manner. .0 MATCHING (For questions 26 through 33, 2 pts. Each = 16 pts total) Select the appropriate or associated answer from the list at the right for the condition iisred at the left. Based on the "Planning Structure diagram" presented in class: 26. Means, ends, links, principles 0 3. Resources, facilities, programs 27. Opportunities and constraints D b. Users & requirements 28. Demand E? @Goals, objectives, policies, standards 29. Supply A (1. Human, resources, and economic impacts Based on elements of the American Parks Movement: 30. American Parks Movement %' a. Recreation 31. Necessary compensatory part of lime Transcendentalist Movement 32. Chautauqua Movement 0 c. Poor neighborhoods 33. Playground Movement C (1. Summer programs, arts, music, theatre ...
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