New Terms 10/11/14 3:20 PMMaia:with zeus gave birth to hermes. Herm/ herms:mercury, “pillar”, “support”, zon of zeus and maia, 1 of twelve Olympians. Delivers messages to gods, god of travelers, accompanies souls of dead to underworld, ½brother of Apollo. Herma – stone heap, herms – fertility figures Psychopopmos:term representing when herm/herms guided souls to underworld. Hermaphrodites: “of herms and Aphrodite” son of hermes and Aphrodite, fountain nymph salmacis fell in love and was pulled in. Gods made hime and salmacis one person, neither male or female Salmacis: fountain nymph, fell in love with hermaphrodites pulling him in. prayed never be separated, gods made hermaphrodites and her one person neither male or female. Tresmegistus: epithet for hermes Leto: daughter of coeus and phoebe, slept with zeus, mother of Apollo and atemis, was protected from Niobe and tityus Apollo:“destroy” “excite” brother of artemis, son of leto and zeus, one of twelve Olympians, sun god, god of prophecy, music, poetry, medicine, established famous oracle of Delphi, represents reason and intellect. Epithets: Lykeios (wolfish), nomios (of the flocks) sminthios (mousy), phoebus ( shiny), golden haired, musagetes (leader of the muses), delphinius (of the dolphin)
Britomartis: associated with nymphs, spirtis of wild nature, Cretan nymph Ephesian artemis:“Diana” “fashion” “cut”, daughter of zeus/ leto, twin of Apollo, goddess of childbirth, nature, hunt, carried bow, avenged crimes against her mother. Became moon goddess – characteristics and selene and hecate Polimastros: Ephesian artemis is said to be polimastros (many breasted) Arethusa: ?? Alpheus: ?? Callisto: “most beautiful” zeus seduced her, turned into a bear, artemis expelled her after discovering she was pregnant, associated with nymphs, spirits of wild nature Arcas: son of callisto, hunting found a bear – callisto, zeus transformed both into constellations. Actaeon: “one who must lead” seashore” member of ill fated family line cadmus. Taught by centaur chiron to be hunter. Turned into stag and was torn apart by hunting dogs after artemis threw water from spring at him. Orion: “urine” son of Poseidon, fell in love with merope, won hand in marriage ridding wild animals. Was blinded by oenopian, was killed by artemis, image of scorpion in sky, had an affair with eos.
Niobe: “snowy” Apollo shot and killed all niobes sons, artemis killed daughters, turned into stone and carried off to Phrygia Hippolytus: “releaser of horses” Poseidon sent a bull from the sea, and Hippolytus’ horses were so frightened that they overturned the chariot, dragging Hippolytus. Theseus was reconciled with his son before the young man died Phaedra:fell in love with Hippolytus. She accused the youth of seducing her and then killed herself. Theseus had Poseidon kill Hippolytus Hecate: “ far darter” fertility goddess whose home in underworld, associated with witchcraft, crossroads, center ghostly activities, cousin of artemis. Chief goddess of Hesiod a universal goddess.