Ler Exam 3 Studyguide - LER 100 Exam 3 10.14.14 Labor...

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LER 100 Exam 310.14.14Labor History IUnions, Employers & the Collective Bargaining ProcessCONFLICT IN THE LABOR MARKETEmployee---want to sell their labor for as much as possibleEmployers---want to buy labor for as little as possible.“The workers desire to get as much as possible, the masters to give as little as possible. It is not,however, difficult to foresee which of the two parties must, upon all ordinary occasions, have theadvantage in the dispute.” Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations, 1776WAYS AN EMPLOYEE CAN INFLUENCE WHAT AN EMPLOYER PAYSFind a better offer(EXIT!)orTry to change the situation-Individually??? -Collectively(VOICE!)EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS SYSTEMA system by which employees and employers interact at the workplace toestablish terms and conditions of employment.PLAYERS:Employers Labor (Employees & Unions) GovernmentTHE HISTORY OF EMPLOYEE-EMPLOYER RELATIONSLate in 1700s COMMERCE EVOLVESSelf-employed craftsman to Merchant-masterBeginnings of the Employer-Employee Relationship:-- First Union in America 1794 Philadelphia Cordwainers --First Strike in America 1798 Philadelphia Cordwainers CORDWAINER DOCTRINE or CONSPIRACY DOCTRINE -1806-It was the doctrine that established that unions couldn't hold on because there was such a low need forwork, new people would step up. It was named after the first union, the Philadelphia Cordwainers.COMMONWEALTH v. HUNT -1842- Individuals had been given the right to organize into trade unions. Unions were seen as conspiracy organizationsbefore that and Shaw made it legal. In addition, unions could require closed shops. ( individuals who work for aparticular business were part of their union)First National Unions (1860’s) is the National Labor UnionTHE MOLLY MAGUIRES (1870s)A secret organization of coal miners in the anthracite coal regions of eastern Pennsylvania and West Virginia. 19 HANGED IN POTTSVILLE AND MAUCH CHUNK in 1877-79Importance:-crushed miners’ union for years -emphasized growing strength of business-Government-Business conspiracy AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR 1886 (AFL)A Federationof craft unions--pure and simple unionism
--organize only SKILLED workers--work within the System--economic action (Strike)***HOMESTEAD STRIKE (LOCKOUT) of 1892****The Homestead strike, in Homestead, Pennsylvania, pitted one of the most powerful new corporations,Carnegie Steel Company, against the nation’s strongest trade union, the Amalgamated Association ofIron and Steel Workers. An 1889 strike had won the steelworkers a favorable three-year contract; butby 1892 Andrew Carnegiewas determined to break the union. His plant manager, Henry Clay Frick,stepped up production demands, and when the union refused to accept the new conditions, Frick beganlocking the workers out of the plant.

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