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1Informal Reading Assessments for PreK–3 Literacy LearnersAshley GehrisMaster of Science in Education, Walden UniversityREAD 6709: Literacy in Academically Diverse ClassroomsLisa ClineJuly 19, 2020
2Informal Reading Assessments for PreK–3 Literacy LearnersStudents learn literacy at an early age and continue to grow develop throughout their life. Literacy is the building block for all other learning (Ellery, Oczkus, & Rasinski, 2018). Literacy is a part of all subjects from reading to math to social studies to science and beyond. Students learn through reading (Walden University, 2014a). Students go through stages of reading starting as an emergent reader followed by the beginning reader stage and in time with continue growth and development until reaching the final stage of an advanced reader (Walden University, 2014b). Building and instructing reading allows for students reading skills to improve (McNamara & Kendeou, 2017). All students learn at different rates; therefore, students have different strengths and weaknesses. Strategies that work for one child may not work for the other.Therefore, teachers must “meet the student’s needs for learning, for thinking, for problem solving, and for sharing ideas and feelings” to provide the appropriate instruction for each student (Reutzel & Cooter, 2016, p. 49). Utilizing assessments in the areas of comprehension, noncognitive aspects, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, etcetera will allow teachers to determine the need of each student as well as how to go about providing instruction in the classroom.Before beginning any informal assessment with the students, teachers must become familiar with the students. Learning about the students and their backgrounds gives insight into child and their abilities. Interviews allow students to describe themselves as well as their learninggiving teacher’s additional information about themselves that can be incorporated into the classroom (Beatty, 2018). Furthermore, conducting an initial interview before jumping into assessments allows for students to become comfortable and establish relationships with the individual performing the assessment. After utilizing an ice breaker, students are relaxed and ready to begin the assessments. Before getting deep into the assessments, a reading survey is
3given. Determining the attitude, a child has towards reading is essential. The survey determines the child’s attitude towards reading during academic times as well as for recreational times. The