Spanish 202 Final Study Guide

Spanish 202 Final Study Guide - Ser 1 Expresses inherent...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ser (to be) soy eres es somos sois son Ser 1. Expresses inherent characteristics Estar 1. Expresses location 2. Expresses a condition, such as health, mental state or a change from the perceived norm. estar (to be) estoy estás está estamos estáis están Comparisons -use menos/mas and que for less/more comparisons - use tan/tano and como for equality if a verb is being used for comparison, put "mas/menos que" and "tan/tanto como" together after that verb. Summary of passive verbs (those that work like gustar ): 1Always use an IOP (ind obj pronoun: me, te, le/les, nos ) to identify who/what is pleased/disgusted/interested/fascinated – this is the object of the verb 2Sometimes uses phrase with prep. a to clarify/emphasize the above, such as: a mi hermano, a ella, a nosotros, a ti, a mí, a tus padres – can be redundant/repetitive 3Verb is almost always in 3 rd singular or 3 rd plural, according to what is pleasing/interesting/appetizing/bothering/worrying, et cetera (the subject of the sentence) – when this is an activity, use the infinitive and treat it as singular. Thus: A Laura le encanta la familia de Manuel, pero le dan asco los aguacates . A mis padres les importa hablar conmigo a menudo. A mi hija le caen fenomenal todos sus abuelos. A Sara le fastidian los jalapenos y los habañeros. When this kind of verb is followed by que that triggers the subjunctive in the next verb, por ejemplo: A mis vecinos les gusta QUE …yo corte el césped (mow the lawn/cut grass) todos los fines de semana. A las personas que votan en una elección, les molesta muchísimo QUE… los
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
políticos les mientan ( mentir = to lie). A tus padres les preocupa QUE… tú salgas con un miembro de una pandilla ( gang ). A mi hermano le disgusta la política de nuestro gobierno, y en particular le preocupa QUE haya una Guerra en el Medio Oriente (Middle East). PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE 1 st step: take YO present form of verb….example ----hablo 2 nd step: get rid of ending ……….habl… 3 rd step: add endings: AR VERBS: IR/ER VERBS: e a es as e a emos amos eis ais en an SIX IRREGULARS TO MEMORIZE: Dar: de, des, de, demos, deis, den Ir: vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayan, vayais, vayan Saber: sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepais, sepan Haber: haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayais, hayan Estar: este, estes, este, estemos, esteis, esten Ser: sea, seas, sea, seamos, seais, sean SUBJUNTIVE RULES: 1cannot be used alone because it doesn’t make sense….it ALMOST ALWAYS is two subjects linked by QUE example: YO (first subject) quiero QUE (link) Maria (2 nd sub.) venga (SUBJUNTIVE form) Usually the subjunctive is used with the following types of conversations/sentences: 2it’s used as a persuasive tool…. .because the person persuading does not know if the thing is actually going to happen. (example verbs usually found with subjunctive:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 7

Spanish 202 Final Study Guide - Ser 1 Expresses inherent...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online