jlb.musicterms

jlb.musicterms - Old Terms Tone poem (symphonic poem): a...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Old Terms Tone poem (symphonic poem): a one-movement work for orchestra of the Romantic era that gives musical expression to the emotions or events associated with a story, play, political occurrence, personal experience, or encounter with nature Meter: the gathering of beats into regular groups Triad: a chord consisting of three pitches and two intervals of a third Modulation: the process in music whereby the tonal center changes from one key to another – from G major to C major, for example Major Scale: a seven-note scale that ascends in the following order of whole and half steps: 1-1-1/2-1-1-1-1/2 Basso continuo: a small ensemble of at least two instrumentalists who provide a foundation for the melody or melodies above; heard almost exclusively in Baroque music Basso ostinato: a motive or phrase in the bass that is repeated again and again A cappella : a term applied to unaccompanied vocal music; originated in the expression a cappella Sistina , “in the Sistine Chapel” of the pope, where instruments were forbidden to accompany Gregorian Chant: a large body of unaccompanied monophonic music, set to Latin texts, composed for the Western church over the course of fifteen centuries, from the time of the earliest fathers to the Council of Trent (1545 to 1563) Text painting (word painting): a process of depicting the text in music, be it subtly, overtly, or even jokingly, by means of expressive musical devices Concerto grosso: a multi-movement concerto of the Baroque era that pits the sounds of a small group of soloists (the concertina) against that of the full orchestra (the tutti) Simple recitative: recitative accompanied only by a basso continuo or a harpsichord, and not the full orchestra Fugue: a composition for three, four, or five parts played or sung by voices or instruments; begins with a presentation of a subject in imitation in each part and continues in modulating passages of free counterpoint and further appearances of the subject (episodes) Pedal point: a note, usually in the bass, sustained or continually repeated for a period of time while the harmonies change around it Melodic sequence: the repetition of a musical motive at successively higher or lower degrees of scale Cadenza: a showy passage for the soloist appearing near the end of the movement in a concerto; usually incorporates rapid runs, arpeggios, and snippets of previously heard themes into a fantasy-like improvisation Chorale: the German word for the hymn of the Lutheran Church, hence a simple religious melody to be sung by the congregation Ordinary of the Mass: the five sung portions of the Mass for which the texts are unvariable; Kyrie eleison, Gloria in excelsis, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cantata: a term originally meaning “something sung”; in its mature state, it consists of several movements, including one or more arias, ariosos, and recitatives; cantatas can be on secular subjects and intended for private performance (chamber cantata) or on religious subjects such as those J. S. Bach for German Lutheran church
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/12/2008 for the course S 120 taught by Professor Craigwright during the Summer '07 term at Yale.

Page1 / 10

jlb.musicterms - Old Terms Tone poem (symphonic poem): a...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online