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John Austin - John Austin Jurisprudence Lecture 1 Law a...

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John Austin- Jurisprudence Lecture 1 Law - a rule laid down for the guidance of an intelligent being by an intelligent being having power over him. Embraces the following objects: o Laws set by God to his human creatures Some of God’s laws are natural laws The rest are considered Divine laws or laws of God o Laws set by men to men Established by political superiors The aggregate of these laws is the matter of jurisprudence o Also can be named positive law Other kinds of law Laws of honor Laws set by fashion International law Laws are commands Specifically, laws are a species of commands A command is distinguished from another signification of desire by the power and the purpose of the party commanding to inflict an evil or pain in the case the desire be disregarded. A command, then, is a signification of desire The greater the eventual evil, the greater is the strength of the obligation.
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