Lect_1_2_stu - Objectives ! Understanding the Speech Chain...

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! Lecture 1-2 Speech Communication " Objectives ! Understanding the Speech Chain ! Linguistic level of the speech chain ! Physiological level of the speech chain ! Acoustic level of the speech chain ! The Uniqueness of Human Speech ! Hockett’s 13 criteria ! Animal Communication # Speech Communication " Speech Communication def) Communication through spoken language " Speech is well worth careful study # 75% of communication is done by speech. # The most efficient tool to communicate # Even silence carries meaning, but what could be the limitation? $%%&’(()))*+,-%-./*0,1()2%0$345,6+789:;")< # What message do you think this all-of-the-sudden-silence carry? # But how would you know what is wrong without saying words? " Language is humans’ most important means of communication and Speech is the primary and most efficient medium of language. = Speech Chain " Speech Chain A chain of events linking the speaker’s brain with the listener’s brain . " 3 levels of speech chain # Linguistic Level # Physiological Level # Acoustic Level
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> 1’("#)*+( 20/023 4+)*0$ *" -5.* )5 ).+% *56"#75 0.6) 1859)+"2"7+(.2 20/02 :$*06860* 506 ;0)).70 14+$7#+)*+( 20/023 <#* 9"#6 *5"#75* +$*" -"6%) -+*5 *50 6+75* 76.;;.6 12+$7#+)*+( 20/023 506 @002+$7) *"-.6% 5+; #)+$7 506 .6*+(#2.*"6) 1859)+"2"7+(.2 20/023 Example: Speech Chain I ABC%/D/@ E Summary: Levels of Speech Chain " What level of speech chain? 1. She chooses what to say and makes grammatical sentences. 2. Her vocal organs move to make speech. 3. The air particles goes to his ears from her mouth. 4. Acoustic waves are changed into neural pulses in his ears 5. He interprets what he heard F Speech Chain II G Review: Speech Chain " Speakers are their own listeners . (chain II) " The Linguistics Level the selection and ordering of suitable words and sentences on the speaker’s side, and the interpretation on the listener’s side " Physiological Level the neural and muscular activities on both sides " Acoustic (Physical) Level the generation and transmission of a sound wave between the speaker and the listener.
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H Animal Communication " Projects with Apes Gorilla, chimpanzee, bonobo and the orangutan. Language production training (the manipulation of symbols or through the use of sign language) Comprehension training (sign language or spoken language) !I Ape! So human! Chimps might be able to communicate with us using language Chimps seem to have the ability to communicate using either American Sign Language (ASL) or Lexigrams The study of Chimps’ learning ASL or lexigram helps us to better understanding of humans’ language acquisition. !!
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course SHS 120 taught by Professor Seok-younyoon during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Lect_1_2_stu - Objectives ! Understanding the Speech Chain...

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