Lect_2_2_stu - 678&2'19&( !"#$%&"'()(...

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! ! !"#$%&" ()( !"#$"%&%’( "* +,%-.,-&/ 0&#,%’12( ,%3 45,-#,’12( " 678&2’19&( Understanding of Semantics and Pragmatics Understanding lexical relations and Truth Condition in Formal Semantics Understanding Cooperative principles or Grice’s Maxims Three components of Speech Act Today’s Terms Lexical & Structural Ambiguity Homonymy, Synonymy, Antonomy, Complementary Illocution, Perlocution, Locution # 0&#,%’12( : 45,-#,’12( ! ______________ The study of meaning and its relation Meanings from the sentence alone ! ______________ The study of meaning in context and usage of language Meanings drawn from the situation where the communication occurs. $ 0&#,%’12( ! Syntax & Semantics : grammaticality/ ______________ e.g. # I kissed her, but I didn’t touch her # I managed to fix the car, but I didn’t fix it. ! Lexical and Structural ______________ More than one meaning in words. e.g. bank More than one meaning in bigger units than words. e g Tom and Jeong went to the beach
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" % ;&<,’1"%( =&’>&&% ?&,%1%-( ! Semantics concerns ______________ , a core meaning of representative words. ! The relation between lexemes: sense relation. eaten eat eats ate Lexeme eat & +&@12,< ;&<,’1"%( /si/ short vs. tall ‘car’ & ‘automobile’ AB$"%B#B : A"#"%B#B ! ______________ A is homonymous with B if A and B either sound or look exactly the same but relate to two different lexemes. a) homophony – by :: bye :: buy b) homography – bass (fish) :: bass (instrumental) ! ______________ B is a hyponym of A if A is more general than B and B denotes a subclass of A ( CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ! A is synonymous with B if A is more or less similar but not necessarily identical in meaning with B. a) vomit :: throw up b) Sam kissed Leslie :: c) Leslie was kissed by Sam bii) Sam kissed someone (b) cii) Leslie was kissed by someone (c)
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# ) D%’"%B#B ! ( _____________________________ ) Antonymy A and B are antonyms if ‘X is A’ implies ‘X is not B’ a) Sam is short vs. Sam is not tall b) ‘ Sam is not tall’ does not necessarily mean ‘Sam is short’ !
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course SHS 120 taught by Professor Seok-younyoon during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Lect_2_2_stu - 678&2'19&( !"#$%&"'()(...

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