Lect_2_1_stu - Objectives#$ 2 Components of Language Morphology Syntax 5 Sub-areas of Linguistics Understanding basics of Syntax and Morphology

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! ! Components of Language: " Objectives ! 5 Sub-areas of Linguistics ! Understanding basics of Syntax and Morphology ! Terminologies we will learn ! Morpheme vs. Lexeme ! Free morpheme vs. bound morpheme ! ! Compounding, Affixation, Inflection, Derivation ! Universal Grammar # Objectives (cont’d) ! Terminologies we will learn (cont’d) ! Parameter settings and Language acquisition ! Nouns, Verbs, Determiners, Complementizers ! Conjunctions, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions ! Subject, Object, Complement, Predicate, Adjunct ! Constituency, Labeled tree diagram $ Study of Language ! __________________ The study of language that provides a theoretical account of: (1) the human ability to communicate using language (2) the human cognitive process of language production and comprehension. ! Sub-areas of Linguistics 1. phonology (6. phonetics): sound units 2. morphology: structure of words 3. syntax: structure of phrases, sentences 4. semantics: meanings of words, phrases, sentences 5. pragmatics: all units in context
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" % That’s hot! (cont’d) ! Is that hot? question ! * Is hot that. Is this grammatical? T / F _________________ The study of sentence/phrase structures ! *That are hot be: is _________________ The study of word formation That’s hot! (cont’d) ! That is hot! [ ð æts] vs. [ ð æt I s] Phonology (Phonetics): The study of speech sounds ! Two meanings i) The temperature is high ii) That thing is “cool” _______________: The study of meaning ! Which is the meaning in the specific context? _______________: The study of language usage (meaning in context) ( Components of Language (cont’d) ) Morphology ! The grammar of word formation " Dog, dogs, dogger " amigoin Spanish ‘male friend’ in English " amiga ‘female friend’ " amigos ‘male friends’ " amigas ‘female friends’ ! Recurring form in Spanish * _______ ‘friend’ * _______ ‘male/female’ * _______ ‘singular/plural’
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# + ! ________________ Def) the smallest meaningful units in a word e.g. amig-o-s : ____ morphemes e.g. fee-s: ____ morphemes ! __________________ He went to the pub for a pint and then pockled off. Dictionary: pockle, pockeled, pockling, pockles
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course SHS 120 taught by Professor Seok-younyoon during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Lect_2_1_stu - Objectives#$ 2 Components of Language Morphology Syntax 5 Sub-areas of Linguistics Understanding basics of Syntax and Morphology

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