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Lect_2_4_stu - Objectives Understand how sounds are...

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! Lecture 2-4 Components of Language: Phonetics & Phonology Objectives ! Understand how sounds are classified ! Place of Articulation, Manner of Articulation ! Tongue Body Position ! Discuss the roles of Phonology in understanding words with variations. ! Today’s terms: ! Oral/Nasal Stops, Fricatives, Affricates, Approximants, schwa ! Phoneme, Allophone, Syllable Classification of Speech Sound ! Consonants vs. Vowels " Consonants are sounds made with significant obstruction by the articulators while vowels are made with less obstruction ! Classification of _______________ " Place of Articulation " Manner of Articulation " Voicing ! Classification of _______________ " Tongue Height " Tongue Backness " Tense/Lax and Rounding Place of Articulation Where the obstruction occurs ! _______________ [p, b, m, w] Involve closure of the two lips ! _______________ [f, v] put upper teeth on the lower lip
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" Place of Articulation ! ____________ tongue tip between teeth ! _______________ [t, d, n, s, z, r, l] tongue tip & alveolar ridge Place of Articulation ! _______________ tongue blade between palate and alveolar ! _______________ [j] tongue body & the palate Place of Articulation ! _______________ [k, g, ! ] tongue body & velum ! _______________ [h] Tongue root & the glottis Exercise: Place of Articulation 1. __________________ - two lips 2. __________________ - tongue tip & teeth 3. __________________ - tongue body & velum 4. __________________ - upper teeth & lower lip 5. __________________ - tongue blade & alveo-palatal region 6. __________________ - tongue root & glottis 7. __________________ - tongue blade & alveolar
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# Manner of Articulation How the obstruction is made !
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