MusicHistory5Definitions.1 - Rhythm ,beat,meter,andtempoall...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction and Musical Terminology Rhythm​ ­ refers to the organization of time in music; pulse, beat, meter, and tempo all refer to rhythm Pulse or beat​ ­ basic unit of time; pulses usually recur regularly although it is possible for music to have an irregular pulse or even no pulse at all Meter​ ­ a regularly recurring pattern of stressed and unstressed beats; if music has a regular pulse but the pulses are not grouped into regularly recurring patterns, the music is said to be nonmetric Duple Meter​ ­ beats are organized into groups of two or four; every other beat is stressed; ​2­​4­​2­​4 or ​2­​2­​2 1​ 3​ 1​ 3​ 1​ 1​ 1​ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ Triple Meter​ ­ beats are organized into groups of three; ​2­3­​2­3 1​ 1​ ­ ­ Mixed Meter​ ­ beats are organized in groups of two and three; less common Tempo​ ­ refers to the speed at which the beat occur Melody​ ­ a succession of individual pitches; consists of one or more phases Pitch​ ­ refers to the acoustical frequency of a sound; higher or lower pitch refers to the difference of frequency between 2 or more pitches Interval​ ­ difference of frequency between two pitches; double the frequency means 1 octave higher Texture​ ­ describes the interrelationship of melodies and rhythms within a piece of music; monophony, heterophony, polyphony, antiphony Contour​ ­ contour of the melody refers to when a melody ascends if its pitches get gradually higher and descends if its pitches get gradually lower Phrase​ ­ grouping of consecutive melodic notes Hook​ ­ a short and memorable musical idea that is used to catch the ear of the listener Harmony​ ­ refers to the simultaneous occurrence of two or more pitches Consonance​ ­ harmony that sounds stable Dissonance​ ­ harmony that sounds unstable and seems to require resolution to a consonant sonority ...
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  • Winter '08
  • Simonson
  • History, memorable musical idea, consecutive melodic notes, three; ​2­3­​2­3, Musical Terminology  Rhythm, regularly recurring patterns, regularly recurring pattern

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