Unformatted text preview: Introduction and Musical Terminology Rhythm refers to the organization of time in music; pulse, beat, meter, and tempo all refer to rhythm Pulse or beat basic unit of time; pulses usually recur regularly although it is possible for music to have an irregular pulse or even no pulse at all Meter a regularly recurring pattern of stressed and unstressed beats; if music has a regular pulse but the pulses are not grouped into regularly recurring patterns, the music is said to be nonmetric Duple Meter beats are organized into groups of two or four; every other beat is stressed; 2424 or 222 1 3 1 3 1 1 1
Triple Meter beats are organized into groups of three; 2323 1 1
Mixed Meter beats are organized in groups of two and three; less common Tempo refers to the speed at which the beat occur Melody a succession of individual pitches; consists of one or more phases Pitch refers to the acoustical frequency of a sound; higher or lower pitch refers to the difference of frequency between 2 or more pitches Interval difference of frequency between two pitches; double the frequency means 1 octave higher Texture describes the interrelationship of melodies and rhythms within a piece of music; monophony, heterophony, polyphony, antiphony Contour contour of the melody refers to when a melody ascends if its pitches get gradually higher and descends if its pitches get gradually lower Phrase grouping of consecutive melodic notes Hook a short and memorable musical idea that is used to catch the ear of the listener Harmony refers to the simultaneous occurrence of two or more pitches Consonance harmony that sounds stable Dissonance harmony that sounds unstable and seems to require resolution to a consonant sonority ...
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- Winter '08
- History, memorable musical idea, consecutive melodic notes, three; 2323, Musical Terminology Rhythm, regularly recurring patterns, regularly recurring pattern