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POINTERS-FOR-PED-104-MIDTERM-EXAM.docx - POINTERS /...

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POINTERS / reviewer FORPED 104 MIDTERM EXAM1.BASIC CONCEPTSDEFINITION OF CURRICULUMoriginated from the Greek word “curere” meaning to “run a course”-the planned educational experiences offered by a school which can take placeanywhere at any time in the multiple context of the school, e.g. public schools ascaring communities (Todd, 1965)- is aset of learning content and experiences that are selected, organized andimplemented by the school inpursuit of its institutional purpose-any document or plan in a school or school system that defines the work ofteachers, at least to the extent of identifying the content to be taught to thechildren and the methods to be used in the process (English, 1992)- refers to thesum total of the organized learning stated as educational ends,school subjects, activities performed inside the classroom and in the immediateschool surrounding, and/or topics decided upon and provided within theeducational institution for the attainment of all the learners under the effectiveleadership of the school officials and specifically, the teachers (Sanchez, 1996)an accumulation of organized knowledgean instructional planan interaction processa cognitive processa means for self-actualizationa key towards social relevanceDifferent Points of View of Curriculum Development1.Traditional Point of View-Robert M. Hutchins views curriculum as“permanent studies”, where therules ofgrammar, reading, rhetoric and logic and mathematics for basic education are emphasized-Basic Educationshould emphasize the 3Rs and college education should be grounded onliberal education.-Arthur Bestor, an essentialist, believes that themission of the school should be intellectualtraining; -curriculum should focus on the fundamental intellectual discipline of grammar,literature and writing. It should alsoinclude mathematics, science, history and foreignlanguage.
-Joseph Schwab’s view of curriculum is thatdiscipline is the sole source of curriculum.He said that curriculumshould consist only of knowledge which comes from disciplinewhich is the sole source.-In our educational system, curriculum is divided into chunks of knowledge we callsubject areas in the basic education such as English, Mathematics, Science, SocialStudies and others. In college, discipline may include humanities, sciences, languagesand many more.-Most of the traditional ideasview curriculum as written documents or a plan of action inaccomplishing goals.2. Progressive Point of View--is defined as thetotal learning experiences of the individual. This definition is anchoredonJohn Dewey’s definition of experience and education.He believed that reflectivethinking is a means that unifies curricular. Thought is not derived from action but testedby application.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Psychology, Educational Psychology, Rhetoric, Pragmatism, Theory of cognitive development

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